Hoban, James

Rare 1824 DS of Irish-born architect of The White House as District of Columbia Justice of the Peace

Price: $895.00

Description:
(c. 1762-1831) Irish-born architect best known for designing The White House in Washington. Studied architecture at the Royal Dublin Society, trained in the Irish and English Georgian style, worked in this tradition throughout his career. Following the Revolution, emigrated to the US and established himself as an architect in Philadelphia in 1781. Hoban went to South Carolina in 1792 where he designed numerous buildings including the South Carolina statehouse in Columbia (burned in 1865). In 1792 he won the competition to design the presidential mansion, later known as The White House, with a design that included two stories and a raised basement, based on Leinster House in Dublin. Before it was built, it was reduced to two stories, the lower floor for entertaining guests and the upper floor to house the President and his family. From 1793 to 1800, Hoban oversaw the construction of The White House, largest residence in the country at the time. In November 1800, John & Abigail Adams became the first President and First Lady to live in the house. He worked on The White House again 1814-17 after the British burned it in the War of 1812, and rebuilt exactly as before as a sign of the permanency of the American government. The White House of Hoban's design has been enlarged since 1817 by additions of the North and South Porticoes and the West and East Wings. Hoban was also a supervising architects of the US Capitol, carrying out the design of Dr. William Thornton, and was Superintendent of the Capitol 1793-1802. Hoban designed the John Mason Residence, the War Department Building in Washington, and other public buildings and government projects, including roads and bridges. He also designed Rossenarra House near the village of Kilmoganny in Kilkenny, Ireland in 1824. William Brent was born in 1775 at Aquia, Stafford County, Virginia. In 1807 he received a commission to serve as Captain of the Cavalry in the First Legion of the Militia of the District of Columbia, later rose to Colonel. For many years he was a Clerk of the Court in the District of Columbia and he also served as Secretary to Thomas Jefferson. His maternal uncle was Archbishop John Carroll of Baltimore. In 1981 Hoban was honored by stamps issued simultaneously in Ireland and the USA. 10 x 8 Rare DS as DC District of Columbia Justice of the Peace, Washington, August 31 1824, with fellow Justice of the Peace Ch. W. Wharton acknowledging and certifying a deed of release as signed by Frederick Keller and his wife Elisabeth. Signed on the docket verso by William Brent, Clerk.

Condition: Very good, 2 folds carefully repaired with acid-free materials
Type:Document






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