Kreisky, Bruno

Jewish Socialist Chancellor of Austria 1970-1983

Price: $15.00

Description:
(1911-1990) Viennese Jew, to Sweden 1938-45. Appointed Undersecretary in Foreign Affairs Dept. 1953, took part in negotiating 1955 treaty ending four-power occupation that restored Austria's independence and neutrality. Elected to Nationalrat (Parliament) as Socialist 1956, Foreign Minister in Raab coalition cabinet. Played leading role in setting up European Free Trade Association, helped solve South Tyrol issue with Italy, proposed "Marshall Plan" for Third World countries. Headed Socialist Party Feb. 1967, after 1970 elections became 1st Jewish Chancellor of Austria. Won comfortable victories in 1971, 1975 and 1979 elections, but in 1983 election, Socialists lost their Nationalrat majority. Kreisky declined to form minority government and resigned. As Chancellor pursued policy of liberal reform - reformed family law and prisons, decriminalized abortion and homosexuality, reduced mandatory military service, expanded employee benefits, cut workweek to 40 hours, passed legislation providing equality for women, established language rights for Slovene and Croatian minorities. He opposed Zionism, cultivated friendly relations with Arab leaders and in 1980 recognized the Palestine Liberation Organization. Despite his ambiguous attitude to Jewish issues, in the 1970s Austria was a transit point for Jews leaving the USSR for Israel and the West. 6 x 4 SP “Kreisky”, matte finish half-length portrait holding telephone (photo by Erich Lessing, Magnum).

Condition: Very good
Type:Photograph






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