Wool, John S.

Oldest officer (77) in active command in either army during the Civil War

Price: $60.00

Description:
(1784-869) US Army officer in War of 1812, Mexican-American War and Civil War. By the time of the Mexican-American War, widely considered one of most capable officers in the army and a superb organizer. In War of 1812, volunteered as captain in 13th US Infantry, wounded at 1812 Battle of Queenston Heights, promoted for heroism to major of 29th US Infantry, which he led with distinction at 1814 Battle of Plattsburgh. At end of War, he was colonel and inspector general of the Army. Participated in deportation of the Cherokees from Georgia & Tennessee, established Fort Butler as eastern headquarters of military removal of the Cherokee. Brig Genl in 1841, commanding Department of the East. In Mexican-American War, took command of Center Division and led Chihuahuan Expedition, resulting in capture of Saltillo. After leading his troops 900 miles from San Antonio, joined General Taylor at Battle of Buena Vista, for which he received Congressional sword, vote of thanks, and brevet of major general. Led occupation forces of No. Mexico, Eastern Department & Department of the Pacific at the end of the War. Wool was one of four Army generals in 1861, and at age 77 he saw the most Civil War service. Wool quickly and decisively secured Fort Monroe, Virginia, for the Union, which guarded entrance to Chesapeake Bay and the James River, overlooking Hampton Roads and Gosport Navy Yard, which the Confederates had seized. It served as principal supply depot of McClellan's Peninsula Campaign. In May 1862, his troops took the navy yard, Norfolk, and surrounding area after the Confederates abandoned them, and promoted to Maj Genl. Reassigned to command Middle Department, then the VII Corps. In January 1863, he again took command of the Department of the East, and led military operations in New York City during and after July 1863 draft riots. On Aug. 1, 1863, he retired after 50+ years of service, oldest officer to execute active command in either army during the War. 2 ¼ x 4 clipped signature from close of ALS, adds “U. S. Army” below signature.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signature






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