Tatum, Edward L.

1967 US JFK stamp FDC signed by 1958 Nobel Prize co-laureate & wife

Price: $15.00

Description:
(1909-1975) American geneticist, his experiments with simple organisms demonstrated that cell processes can be studied as chemical reactions and that such reactions are governed by genes. With George Beadle, offered proof in 1941 that each biochemical reaction in the cell is controlled via a catalyzing enzyme by a specific gene. The "one gene-one enzyme" theory changed the face of biology and gave it a new chemical expression. With Joshua Lederberg, he demonstrated in 1947 that bacteria reproduce sexually, thus introducing a new experimental organism into the study of molecular genetics. Their work led to Watson & Crick’s description of the structure of DNA. In his 2nd residence at Stanford, Tatum helped establish the department of biochemistry and in 1956 became professor of biochemistry and department head. He was instrumental in relocating the Stanford Medical School from San Francisco to the university campus in Palo Alto. In 1956, he married Viola Kantor (d. 1974) in NYC and took a position at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research (now Rockefeller University) in January 1957. In 1958, with Beadle and Lederberg, he received the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for their work demonstrating that genes regulate the chemical processes of the cell. Tatum received the 1953 Remsen Award of the American Chemical Society for his work in biparental inheritance and sexual reproduction in bacteria. In 1952 he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. Tatum had a large interest in social issues, including population control. In 1965 and 1966 Tatum organized other Nobel laureates in science to make public endorsements of family planning and birth control. These included statements to Pope Paul VI, whose encyclical against birth control for Catholics was issued at this time. US 1967 13c John F. Kennedy-Prominent American Series stamp 3 ¾ x 6 ½ cacheted First Day Cover, postmarked “First Day of Issue”, Brookline, Mass., May 29, 1967, signed by Tatum and his wife Viola.

Condition: Very good
Type:First Day Cover






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