Spencer, John C.

1833 ALS from the future (Tyler) Secretary of War to the former Secretary of War (J. Q. Adams)

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Description:
(1788-1855) Lawyer, politician, judge and Secretary of War under President John Tyler. During War of 1812, appointed brigade judge advocate general for northern frontier. Postmaster of Canandaigua, NY 1814, NY US Rep. 1817-19. New York Assemblyman & Senator 1820-22 & 1824-28. Again member of State Assembly 1831-33, edited English edition of Alexis de Tocqueville's "Democracy in America" and served as Secretary of State of New York 1839-41. In 1841, President John Tyler appointed him Secretary of War. As War Secretary, proposed chain of posts from Council Bluffs, Iowa to the Columbia River. He also recommended the government adhere to arrangements made by Army field commanders for compensating Creek Indians who had been forced to move west of the Mississippi. In 1842, his 19-year-old son, Philip Spencer, a midshipman, was executed without court-martial along with 2 other sailors aboard the brig USS Somers for allegedly attempting mutiny. In 1843, Spencer was appointed Secretary of the Treasury and became preoccupied with the tariff. He believed the deficit and other federal expenditures should be funded by duties on imports rather than by internal taxation, something he was forced to announce for the 1843 fiscal year. Tyler nominated Spencer to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court twice, but the Senate failed to confirm him both times. Resigned as Treasury Secretary May 1844 and returned to Albany. 13 x 8 ALS, Canandaigua, New York, December 11 1833, to Gen. Peter B. Porter, Black Rock, with integral address leaf, while representing Porter as his lawyer in a suit. Spencer informs Porter that he has tried unsuccessfully to prod the judge to schedule a trial, there is nothing for Porter to do in relation to the matter. Peter Buell Porter (1773-1844) Lawyer, soldier, politician, Secretary of War 1828-29. NY US Rep. 1809-13, leading congressional "war hawk" chaired committee that recommended preparation for war with Great Britain. At same time, from 1810-16, member of the Erie Canal Commission established by State Legislature to survey canal route from the Hudson River to the Great Lakes. During War of 1812, initially State quartermaster general, later raised and commanded brigade of New York militia that incorporated a Six Nations Indian contingent and led his command with distinction. Given gold medal under 1814 joint resolution of Congress "for gallantry and good conduct" during the Battles of Chippewa, Niagara, and Erie. Resigned from Congress Jan. 1816 having been appointed a Commissioner under Treaty of Ghent, causing controversy as to constitutionality of sitting in Congress and holding this commission at same time. NY State University regent 1824-30, Secretary of War May 16, 1828- March 9, 1829 in J. Q. Adamsí Cabinet where he advocated removal of Eastern Indians beyond the Mississippi. Moved to Niagara Falls 1836, Whig 1840 presidential elector.

Condition: Very good, very light toning at folds
Type:Letter






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