Lyautey, Marshal Louis H. G.

Led 1896 French invasion of Madagascar, governed Morocco 1907-25

Price: $65.00

Description:
(1854-1934) French Army general, 1st Resident-General in Morocco 1912-25, Marshal of France from 1921. Entered French military academy of Saint-Cyr 1873, lieutenant Dec. 1877. In first years after graduating, served as a cavalry officer in Algeria, in Indochina from 1894-97 under Galliéni, served on Madagascar, again under Galliéni, 1897-1902. Commanded French forces in invasion of Madagascar 1896-98, promoted to brigadier general 1902. The murder of French citizens in Casablanca was used as a pretext for Lyautey to occupy Oujda in E. Morocco at the Algerian border in 1907. Lyautey was Military Governor of French Morocco as major general 1907-12. After Convention of Fez established a protectorate over Morocco, Lyautey served as Resident-General of French Morocco 4/28/12– 8/25/25. He is considered to have been an apt colonial administrator. During the First World War, he continued the occupation of the country and served as France's Minister of War for 3 months in 1917. In 1925, Lyautey lost the military command of the French forces engaged against Abd-el-Krim to Philippe Pétain and resigned to return to France. In his final years, Lyautey became associated with France's growing fascist movement, admired Italian leader Benito Mussolini, and was associated with the far right Croix de Feu. In 1934, he threatened to lead the Jeunesses Patriotes to overthrow the government. The city of Port Lyautey in French Morocco is today known as Kenitra. ANS "Lyautey" in French on his engraved 8 ¼ x 5 ¼ “Le Maréchal Lyautey/Résident Général au Maroc” letterhead (Lyautey has crossed a line through the title), October ? 1925, no place (Morocco?). Marshal Lyautey sends thanks for a letter, hopes to see his correspondent in France.

Condition: Very good
Type:ANS






[View Shopping Cart]
[Home] [Articles] [Biography] [Calendar]
[Catalogue] [Search]



enbainc@cs.com

Edward N. Bomsey Autographs, Inc.
7317 Farr Street
Annandale, VA 22003-2516
(703) 642-2040(phone & fax)




Home
Home

Articles
Articles

Biography
Biography

Calendar
Calendar

Catalogue
Catalogue

Search
Search