Toombs, Robert

1856 ALS from Senator Toombs sending his autograph

Price: $175.00

Description:
(1810-1885) Georgia politician, US Rep 1844–1853, states' rights partisan, national Whig, and once the Whig Party dissolved, aided in creation of the Constitutional Union Party in the early 1850s. US Senate 1853-61 joined Democratic Party when Constitutional Union Party dissolved. Throughout 1840s-50s, fought to reconcile national policies with sectional interests. Opposed annexation of Texas, Mexican-American War, Polk's Oregon policy, and Walker Tariff of 1846. With Alexander Stephens and Howell Cobb, defended Clay's Compromise of 1850 against southerners who advocated secession as the only solution to sectional tensions over slavery. By 1860 Toombs had drifted into the States' Rights camp in opposition to northern abolitionists. Supported Breckinridge in 1860 presidential campaign, and after election of Lincoln, strongly supported Georgia secession. Delivered farewell address in the Senate Jan. 7, returned to Georgia, and with Gov. Joseph E. Brown led fight for secession against Stephens and Herschel V. Johnson. Selection of Jefferson Davis as CSA President dashed his highest hopes made him one of most outspoken critics of the Confederate government and its policies. Toombs was 1st CSA Secretary of State, but within months stepped down to join the Confederate Army. Brig. Gen. July 19, brigade commander in CSA’s Army of the Potomac, then in Army of Northern Virginia in Peninsula Campaign, Seven Days Battles, Northern Virginia and Maryland campaigns. Resigned CSA commission Mar. 1863, to be Colonel of the 3rd Cavalry of Georgia Militia, subsequently Brig Genl and adjutant & inspector general of General G. W. Smith's division of Georgia militia. Denied promotion, he resigned his commission. When Confederacy collapsed, fled to Cuba, then to London and Paris. Returned to US 1867, refused to request a pardon from Congress, thus never regained US citizenship but still dominated 1877 Georgia constitutional convention. 7 ¾ x 4 ¾ ALS while Senator, Washington, Georgia, December 1 1856, to L. B. Prince of New York, complies with autograph request. Tipped at left edge to 10 x 8 sheet with “Hon. Robert Toombs” inked in red at top. LeBaron Bradford Prince (1840–1922) NYC-born Governor of New Mexico Territory 1889-93. NY Delegate to 1868 GOP Convention, State Assemblyman 1870-74, State Senator 1876-77. Justice of New Mexico Territorial Supreme Court 1878-82, member of Territorial Council 1909, delegate to 1911 state constitutional convention.

Condition: Very good
Type:Letter






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