Baker, Newton D.

Signed photo while on the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague

Price: $75.00

Description:
(1871-1937) Ohio lawyer, 37th Mayor of Cleveland 1912-15, Wilsonís WW I Secretary of War 1916-21. Attended Johns Hopkins University in the 1890ís where he first met Woodrow Wilson, and after receiving his law degree from Washington and Lee University in 1894, became private secretary to Postmaster General William L. Wilson. He moved to Cleveland, was city solicitor 1901-09, elected mayor 1911. His main interests were public power, transit reform city beautification, and a strong backer of Cleveland College, now part of Case Western Reserve University. Worked on Wilson's behalf at the1912 Baltimore Democratic Convention and twice declined to serve as Secretary of the Interior in President Wilson's 1st term. In 1916, following his tenure as mayor, Baker and two other partners founded the law firm of Baker & Hostetler (today one of the nationís 100 largest firms). As the US considered whether to enter WW I, Wilson named Baker Secretary of War, at 44, the youngest member of the Cabinet. As Secretary, Baker presided over US military participation in the War in 1917-18, including creation of a national military draft. Baker selected Gen. Pershing to head the Allied Expeditionary Force. At Baker's insistence, Wilson made US forces an independent fighting partner of the Allies against the Central Powers. After stepping down as Secretary of War in 1921, he returned to practicing law at Baker & Hostetler. For several years he was the leading proponent of US participation in the League of Nations. At the 1924 Democratic Conventionís discussions of the Party platform, Baker was the principal advocate of language committing the Party to US membership in the League of Nations. After losing in the platform committee, he raised the issue on the convention floor. Though he had no chance of winning his position, he delivered a speech that was the highlight of the convention. In 1928, President Coolidge appointed him a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague, re-appointed 1935 to another 6-year term by FDR. Baker argued before the Supreme Court as counsel for the property owner in Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co., landmark case that established the constitutionality of zoning laws. ISP, 8 Ĺ x 6 Ĺ b&w Standiford (mark at lower right) studio bust portrait inscribed & signed with sentiment and dated April 16 1932.

Condition: Very good, slight silvering at edges
Type:Photograph






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