Coxey Sr., Jacob S.

Led 1894 & 1914 “Coxey’s Army” marches on Washington, twice ran for president

Price: $75.00

Description:
(1854-1951) Socialist politician, ran for elective office several times in Ohio. Twice led “Coxey's Army” (1894 & 1914), bands of unemployed men, on marches from Massillon, Ohio to Washington to present a "Petition in Boots". Marches protested unemployment caused by the Panic of 1893 and to lobby for the government to create jobs such as building roads and other public works improvements. Although his march failed, “Coxey's Army” was a harbinger of an issue that would rise to prominence as unemployment insurance became a key element in the future Social Security Act. Coxey was a reformer who was willing to spend time and money to promote his plans for the betterment of the social order. A Democrat until 1876, became a “Greenbacker”, movement to put more money into the economy by printing more money. When the People’s Party emerged, it earned his support. In 1885, in his first attempt at public office, ran as Greenback Party nominee for the Ohio State Senate but lost. In 1894 (2nd year of a 4-year economic depression, worst in US history to that time), he led “Coxey's Army” that passed through Pittsburgh in April and dwindled in mid May. Coxey, his wife, and his youngest son, Legal Tender Coxey (a reflection of his obsession with monetary reform), rode in a carriage ahead of some 400 protesters towards Washington. He was arrested for walking on the grass and his army peacefully dispersed. A second march in 1914 reached Monessen, Penna. on April 30. Another contingent from New York City merged with the march. When they reached Washington, Coxey addressed a crowd of supporters from the steps of the Capitol. Although it seemed to have not much effect, the march on Washington and the growing threat of populism struck fear into the hearts of many. He lost elections for the Ohio House, Governor, & US Senate. Ran for President in 1928 as the candidate of the Interracial Independent Political Party with Simon P. W. Drew as his running mate. Mayor of Massilon 1931-32, and, in 1932, unsuccessfully ran for President on the United States Farmer-Labor Party ticket, garnering 7,309 popular votes. Autograph sentiment ("Yours truly”) signed on 2 ½ x 3 card, adds Massillon, Ohio, July 26 1894 (2 months after end of his 1st march). With recent New York Times article on Coxey and his marches.

Condition: Very good, mild mount remnants verso
Type:Autograph Sentiment Signed






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