Maude, Frederick S.

1904 LS as secretary to Canada’s Governor General, later led allied forces in Mesopotamia, captured Baghdad 1917

Price: $95.00

Description:
(1864-1917) British commander, most famous for his efforts in Mesopotamia during WW I, and for conquering Baghdad in 1917. Born in Gibraltar, his father a general awarded Victoria Cross in 1855 during the Crimean War. Attended Eton and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, graduated 1883 and joined the Coldstream Guards 1884. Saw active service in Egypt in 1885, awarded the Egyptian Medal and the Khedive's Egyptian Star. Major during the 2nd Boer War 1900-01, won DSO and the Queen's South African Medal. On staff of Lord Minto, Governor-General of Canada, 1901-04. Returned to Britain to become 2nd-in-command of the Coldstream Guards then joined the General Staff, promoted to Lieutenant Colonel 1907 and Colonel 1911. Staff officer with III Corps in France, promoted to Brigadier General Oct. 1914 commanding 14th Brigade. Wounded April 1915, promoted to Major General in June and transferred to command 33rd Division then in training. In mid-August, however, he was given charge of the 13th Division in Suvla, Turkey, during the Gallipoli campaign, which had suffered heavy casualties retreating from Suvla and landing and later evacuating from Helles before being shifted to Mesopotamia March 1916. He was the last man evacuated from Suvla Bay. He arrived at the end of the British failure at the Siege of Kut where he was promoted to Lieutenant General, replacing Gen. Gorringe as commander of the newly dubbed Tigris Corps (III Indian Army Corps) July 1916. Maude re-organized and re-supplied his mixed British and Indian forces and was made commander of Allied forces in Mesopotamia in late July 1916, replacing Sir Percy Lake. Given reinforcements and more equipment, he directed a steady series of victories, advancing up the Tigris and winning battles of Mohammed Abdul Hassan, Hai and Dahra in Jan. 1917, recapturing Kut Feb. 1917, and took Baghdad March 11, 1917. From Baghdad, he launched the Samarrah Offensive and extended operations to the Euphrates and Diyala rivers. By November his forces were engaged at Ramadi and Tikrit when he became ill from cholera and abruptly died. Mount Maude in the Cascade Range was named for him; in 2003, British military headquarters in Baghdad's Green Zone was named "Maude House". Gen. Maude issued the famous “Proclamation of Baghdad on March 19” (1917), well-quoted 86 years later: “Our armies do not come into your cities and lands as conquerors or enemies, but as liberators. Your wealth has been stripped of you by unjust men…The people of Baghdad shall flourish under institutions which are in consonance with their sacred laws." Uncommon early LS “F. S. Maude” as Major and Secretary to Canada’s Governor General, Lord Minto, on 8 x 5 "Government House/Ottawa" letterhead, Jan. 13 1904, to a New York autograph collector forwarding Lord Minto’s autograph. With envelope bearing his stamped signature addressed in another hand.

Condition: Very good
Type:Letter






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