Gravely, Jr., Samuel L.

1st African-American US Navy officer, 1st to command a ship and 1st flag officer

Price: $65.00 Special Offer - $50.00



Description:
(1922-2004) African-American US Navy pioneer, 1st African American commissioned Navy officer, 1st to serve on a fighting ship as an officer, 1st to command a Navy ship, 1st fleet commander, and 1st flag officer, retiring as a Vice Admiral. Enlisted in Naval Reserves 1942 and trained as a Fireman Apprentice. In 1943, became 1st Black candidate accepted in the V-12 Navy College Training Program designed to recruit and train enlisted seamen with partial or completed 4-year college degrees to become officers. In March 1944, the "Golden Thirteen" became the 1st African-Americans commissioned from the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps. On Dec. 14, 1944, he completed midshipman training, becoming 1st African-American to graduate from the V-12 program. As a newly commissioned Ensign, his first assignment was at Camp Robert Smalls, part of the Great Lakes Naval Training Station set aside for training African-American enlisted men. He served aboard the USS PC-1264, a submarine chaser that was one of only two WW II ships with a largely African-American crew. He was the 1st Black officer on the ship, other command staff were White. In April 1946, he was released from active duty, remaining in the Naval Reserve. As part of the Navy's response to President Truman's Executive Order to desegregate the Armed Services, Gravely and other African-American officers were recalled to active duty 1949. The outbreak of the Korean War in 1950 forced the Navy to retain experienced officers currently in service, regardless of race. Became 1st African American to command a Navy warship (USS Theodore E. Chandler), 1st to command a warship in combat (USS Taussig), 1st to command a major naval warship (USS Jouett, subsequently CG-29), 1st Admiral, 1st to rise to Vice Admiral, and 1st African American to command a US Fleet (Commander, US 3rd Fleet). He was one of the 1st African Americans to attend the Naval War College 1962. Served dual role as Director of Naval Communications (on staff of the Chief of Naval Operations) and Commander of the Naval Telecommunications Command 1971-73. His last tour of duty before his 1980 retirement was as Director of the Defense Communications Agency in Washington, overseeing communications network linking Washington with US and allied bases worldwide. USS Gravely (DDG-107) named in his honor. ISP, 10 x 8 color portrait in dress uniform as VADM USN, Director, DCA, inscribed to a retired US Army major with birthday wishes, dated January 19 1979.

Condition: Very good
Type:Photograph






[View Shopping Cart]
[Home] [Articles] [Biography] [Calendar]
[Catalogue] [Search]



enbainc@cs.com

Edward N. Bomsey Autographs, Inc.
7317 Farr Street
Annandale, VA 22003-2516
(703) 642-2040(phone & fax)




Home
Home

Articles
Articles

Biography
Biography

Calendar
Calendar

Catalogue
Catalogue

Search
Search