Wadsworth Jr., James W.

Conservative GOP NY US Senator 1915-27, opposed Prohibition & women’s suffrage, US Rep 1933-51

Price: $15.00

Description:
(1877-1952) New York politician, became active early in Republican politics. Member of the State Assembly 1905-10, Speaker 1906-10. His aunt maintained a residence at the JA Ranch, southeast of Amarillo, Texas, which was begun by her 2nd husband, "Jack" Adair (hence the initials "JA") and his partner, legendary Texas cattleman Charles Goodnight. She invited Wadsworth to become general manager of the JA, which he ran until 1915 when he took his Senate seat. In 1912, he ran for Lieutenant Governor of New York on the Republican ticket, but was defeated. In 1914, at the 1st popular election for the Senate (until 1911, Senators had been elected by the State Legislature), he defeated Democrat James W. Gerard (Ambassador to Germany) and Progressive Bainbridge Colby. He was Senate Minority Whip in 1915, re-elected in 1920, but defeated by Democrat Robert F. Wagner in 1926. He served as US Rep 1933–1951, like Claude Pepper, one of the few modern Senators to serve later in the House of Representatives. In the House he opposed the isolationism of many of his conservative Republican colleagues, opposed anti-lynching legislation on state's rights grounds, rejected minimum wage laws and most of FDR's domestic policy. Wadsworth was a proponent of individual rights and feared federal intervention into the private lives of Americans. He believed that the only purpose of the Constitution was to limit powers of government and to protect the rights of citizens. For this reason, he voted against the 18th Amendment (Prohibition) when it was before the Senate. By the mid-1920s, he was one of a handful of congressmen who spoke out against prohibition. In 1926, he joined the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment and made 131 speeches across the country for the organization between then and repeal. He also opposed women's suffrage. His wife, Alice Hay Wadsworth (daughter of former Secretary of State John Hay), served as president of the National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage. His son, James J. Wadsworth, was Ambassador to the United Nations; his son-in-law was Stuart Symington, 1st Secretary of the Air Force and a US Senator (D) from Missouri, and grandson James W. Symington was a Missouri US Rep (D). SP, 10 x 8 Campbell Studios of NYC stamp-embossed b&w bust portrait signed with sentiment, most likely while US Senator.

Condition: Very good, slightly trimmed white borders
Type:Photograph






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