Campbell, Beatrice Stella (Mrs. Patrick)

1905 autograph signed during a Philadelphia visit

Price: $45.00 Special Offer - $35.00



Description:
(1865-1940) British stage actress, made her professional stage debut in 1888 at the Alexandra Theatre, Liverpool, 4 years after her marriage to Patrick Campbell (he died in 1900 during the Boer War). She became the 2nd wife of George Cornwallis-West, previously married to Jennie Jerome, mother of Sir Winston Churchill, in 1914. Despite her 2nd marriage, she continued to use the stage name "Mrs Patrick Campbell", nicknamed “Mrs. Pat”. She became successful after starring in Sir Arthur Wing Pinero's play, The Second Mrs Tanqueray in 1893 at St. James's Theatre where she also appeared in 1894 in The Masqueraders. She had another success in John-a-Dreams, produced by Beerbohm Tree at the Haymarket in 1894, and again in The Notorious Mrs. Ebbsmith at the Garrick in 1895. Among her other performances were those in Fédora (1895), Little Eyolf (1896), and her notable performances with Forbes-Robertson as Juliet, Ophelia, and Lady Macbeth (1895–98). Once established as a major star, she assisted in the early careers of actors Gerald Du Maurier and George Arliss. In 1900, having become her own Manager/ Director, she made her Broadway debut in Magda (Heimat) by Hermann Sudermann. Subsequent appearances in New York and on tour in the US established her as a major theatrical presence in America. She regularly performed in New York until 1933. Further noteworthy performances included The Joy of Living (1902), Pelléas et Mélisande (with Sarah Bernhardt , 1904), Hedda Gabler (1907), Electra (1908), The Thunderbolt (1908), Lady Patricia (1911) and Bella Donna (1911) In 1914, “Mrs Pat” played Eliza Doolittle in the original West End production of Pygmalion which George Bernard Shaw expressly wrote for her. Although 49 when she originated the role opposite the Henry Higgins of Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree, she triumphed and took the play to New York and on tour in 1915. She successfully played Eliza again in a 1920 London revival. A couple of her later significant performances were in the 1922 West End production of Ibsen's Hedda Gabler and Mrs. Alving in the 1928 "Ibsen Centennial" staging of Ghosts. Her last major stage role was in the Broadway production of Ivor Novello's A Party. In her later years, she appeared in motion pictures, including One More River (1934), Riptide (1934), and Crime and Punishment (1935). In the late 1890s Campbell first became aware of Shaw, then the drama critic for "The Saturday Review". But it was not until 1912 when they began negotiations for the London production of Pygmalion that Shaw developed an infatuation for her that resulted in a passionate, yet unconsummated, love affair of mutual fascination and a legendary exchange of letters. Campbell broke off the relationship even though Shaw was about to direct her in Pygmalion. While they remained friends in spite of the break and her marriage to Cornwallis-West, Shaw never again allowed her to originate any of the roles he had written with her in mind. Signature as "Beatrice Stella Campbell" on 4 ¾ x 7 ½ St. James Hotel, Philadelphia letterhead, dated May 1 1905. Uncommon signature as such since she usually signed as "Mrs. Patrick Campbell".

Condition: Very good, light overall toning, mount remnants at corners verso, 2 mail folds
Type:Signature






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