Barbour, James

Virginiaís 18th governor, US senator J. Q. Adamsí Secretary of War, Minister to England

Price: $40.00

Description:
(1775-1842) Virginia Governor, Senator 1814-1825, Secretary of War 1825-1828. Barboursville, Virginia named after him, mansion designed by his friend, Thomas Jefferson. Brother of Speaker of the House of Representatives and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court Philip P. Barbour. Elected to Virginia House of Delegates 1796, among his acts in the House of Delegates, Barbour believed his greatest passed on Feb. 2, 1810, creating the Literary Fund of Virginia which provided funding for public education in each county in the Commonwealth. In 1811 Barbour lost the governorship to incumbent, George William Smith, who died in a fire at the Richmond Theatre Dec. 26, 1811. On Jan. 3, the Legislature appointed him Governor. On Dec. 1, 1814, the Legislature voted him to the US Senate, and he was elected Senate President pro tempore 1819. The 16th Congress, over which Barbour presided, decided on the 1820 Missouri Compromise. Barbour favored bills admitting both Missouri and Maine to the Union, moved to combine the two bills, and compromise was met. Confirmed as Secretary of War following J. Q. Adamsís inauguration, served 1825-28. War Departmentís main functions were to oversee Indian affairs and manage the army. Georgia Governor George Troup wished the government to remove Creek Indians from 5 million acres of land. Adams signed a treaty approving the removal shortly after taking office. Barbour, however, convinced Adams and Congress to abrogate the treaty. Following months of threats from Troup, Barbour purchased most of the land from the Creeks. Troup threatened to invade the lands the Indians retained. Barbour and Adams agreed the federal government would need to intervene should Georgia intervene. To avoid war, Barbour purchased the remaining lands and prepared the Creek Indians for removal to lands west of the Mississippi. In 1828, Barbour was appointed Minister to England. 1 ľ x 3 ľ clipped signature

Condition: Very good, slight see thru from writing on verso, tiny nick to top left corner
Type:Signature






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