Pickering, John

New Hampshire State & Federal jurist, 1st Federal official impeached and removed from office

Price: $115.00

Description:
(1737-1805) Chief Justice of the New Hampshire Superior Court of Judicature, Judge for the US District Court for the District of New Hampshire 1795-1804, 1st federal official removed from office upon conviction by impeachment. Pickering studied law at Harvard, was admitted to the bar in 1761, and served in the New Hampshire State Legislature 1783-87. In 1787 he was elected a delegate to the federal Constitutional Convention, but declined to serve. He was appointed in 1790 to the New Hampshire Superior Court and later served as Chief Justice. In 1795, an attempt to remove Pickering from the Superior Court due to illness became bogged down in political problems, so President Washington was convinced to appoint him to the relatively low workload post of the Federal District Court, and Pickering took office in April 1795. He recovered from his illness but, in 1800, problems arose as he was no longer attending court as expected. On 25 April 1801, court staff wrote the judges of the Federal First Circuit Court of Appeals to send a temporary replacement for Pickering on the grounds that he had gone insane. In March 1802, Pickering returned, adjourned the Court's business to the next day and disappeared. Federalists in Congress accused Democratic-Republicans of trying to usurp the Constitution by attempting to remove the Judge from office though he had committed neither high crimes nor misdemeanors as required by the Constitution. On Feb. 4, 1803, President Jefferson sent evidence to the House of Representatives, who voted to impeach Pickering on March 2, 1803 on charges of drunkenness and unlawful rulings. The Senate tried the impeachment and convicted Pickering of all charges on March 12, 1804, immediately removing him from office. He died the following year in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. 2 x 7 ADS, last 5 lines and signature clipped from legal document, nicely inlaid to 4 x 7 , no date. Scarce autograph!

Condition: Very good
Type:Document (Partial)






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