Disraeli, Benjamin, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield

Franked hand-addressed envelope (likely while Prime Minister) to The Lord Chancellor

Price: $225.00

Description:
(1804-1881) British Prime Minister, parliamentarian, Conservative statesman and literary figure. Served in government for 3 decades, twice as Prime Minister (1868, 1874-80). Although his father had him baptised to Anglicanism at 13 (following a dispute with their synagogue), he was nonetheless Britain’s only PM who was born Jewish. He played an instrumental role in the creation of the modern Conservative Party after the Corn Laws schism of 1846. From 1852 onwards, Disraeli's career was marked by intense rivalry with William Ewart Gladstone, who rose to become leader of the Liberal Party. In this feud, Disraeli was aided by his warm friendship with Queen Victoria. He was well-known as a literary and social figure. During the 1840s Disraeli wrote three political novels collectively known as "the Trilogy” – “Sybil”, “Coningsby”, and “Tancred” He mainly wrote romances, of which “Sybil” and “Vivian Grey” are perhaps best-known today. He was Rector of Glasgow University for two full terms between 1871 and 1877. He won a seat in the House of Commons in 1837 representing the constituency of Maidstone. Chancellor of the Exchequer 1866-68, Leader of the Opposition 1868-74. Disraeli was elevated to the House of Lords in 1876 when Queen Victoria made him Earl of Beaconsfield and Viscount Hughenden after 4 decades in the House of Commons. Black-bordered 3 ¾ x 4 ¾ mourning envelopeaddressed “Immediate/ Right Honorable/the Lord Chancellor/Disraeli”. No postal markins (likely hand-delivered). With unsigned 4 x 2 ½ “McKilburn, 222, Regent Street” (London) carte-de-visite full length photograph of Disraeli, small “P. E. Chappus, Photographer, 69, Fleet Street” sticker on verso. Remnant of black wax seal on verso. Hugh McCalmont Cairns (1819-1885) Irish-born British statesman, served as Lord Chancellor during the ministries of Benjamin Disraeli. He was one of the most prominent Conservative statesmen in the House of Lords during this period of Victorian politics. He was 17th Chancellor of the University of Dublin 1867-85. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin, graduating in 1838. In 1844 he was called to the Bar by the Middle Temple, to which he had moved from Lincoln's Inn. In 1852, he entered Parliament as member for Belfast, and he became a QC in 1856. In 1858 he was appointed Solicitor-General and was knighted. Benjamin Disraeli invited him to be Lord Chancellor in the brief 1868 Conservative administration that followed Lord Derby's resignation of the party leadership. In 1866 Lord Derby, returning to office, appointed Cairns Attorney General, and later to the Court of Appeal. While a Lord Justice he had been offered a peerage, and accepted it when a relative provided the means necessary for the endowment of a title. The appointment of Baron Cairns as Lord Chancellor in 1868 meant superseding Lord Chelmsford, an act apparently carried out by Disraeli with little tact. When Lord Derby died in 1869, Cairns became Leader of the Conservative opposition in the House of Lords. In the Lords, his efforts on behalf of the Irish Church were equally strenuous to his efforts in the House. Lord Cairns resigned the leadership of his party in the Lords, but resumed it in 1870 and opposed the Irish Land Bill that year. Upon the Conservatives' 1874 return to power, he again became Lord Chancellor. In 1878 he was created Viscount Garmoyle and Earl Cairns, and in 1880 his party went out of office. In opposition he was not as prominent as previously, but when Disraeli (by then created Earl of Beaconsfield) died in 1881, some Conservatives considered his claim to lead the party better than that of Lord Salisbury, but for his health.

Condition: Very good, slight blot to part of “D” in signature
Type:Franked Envelope






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