Magsaysay, Ramon

“The Idol of the Masses”, WW II guerilla leader, 7th Philippine president, defeated Huk rebellion, killed in 1957 plane crash

Price: $65.00

Description:
(1907-1957) 7th President of the Republic of the Philippines, serving from 30 December 1953 until his death in a 1957 aircraft disaster. He was appointed military governor of Zambales after his outstanding service as a guerilla leader during WW II. He then served 2 terms as Liberal Party congressman for Zambales before being appointed as Secretary of National Defense by President Quirino. He was elected President with the Nacionalista Party and was the 1st Philippine President born inthe 20th century. At the outbreak of WW II, he joined the Philippine Army. When Bataan surrendered in 1942, he escaped to the hills, narrowly evading Japanese arrest on at least 4 occasions. He organized the Western Luzon Guerrilla Forces, and was commissioned captain 5 April 1942. For 3 years, Magsaysay operated under Col. Merrill's famed guerrilla outfit and later commanded a 10,000 strong force. Magsaysay was among those instrumental in clearing the Zambales coast of the Japanese prior to the landing of US forces and Philippine Commonwealth troops on January 29, 1945. On 22 April 1946, Magsaysay was elected under the Liberal Party to the Philippine House of Representatives. In 1948, President Roxas chose him to go to Washington as Chairman of the Committee on Guerrilla Affairs, to help to secure passage of the Rogers Veterans Bill, giving benefits to Philippine veterans. In early August 1950, he offered President Quirino a plan to fight Communist guerillas, using his own experiences in guerrilla warfare during WW II. Quirino appointed Magsaysay Secretary of National Defense on August 31, 1950. He intensified the campaign against the Hukbalahap guerillas and was successful in part due to unconventional methods he employed and developed with American adviser, General Edward Lansdale. The counterinsurgency they deployed utilized soldiers distributing relief goods and other forms of aid to outlying, provincial communities. His term enhanced the Army's image, earning them respect and admiration. By 1953, Magsaysay met with interference and obstruction from Quirino and his advisers, resigned February 28, 1953, and became the presidential candidate of the Nacionalista Party. Presidential elections were held on November 10, 1953 and Magsaysay defeated Quirino but his running mate lost to Senator Carlos P. García. As president, he was a close friend and supporter of the US and a vocal spokesman against communism during the Cold War. He led the foundation of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization also known as the Manila Pact of 1954 that aimed to defeat communist-Marxist movements in SE Asia, South Asia and the SW Pacific. He was the first Philippine president to wear a barong tagalog in his inauguration. His administration was considered one of the cleanest and most corruption-free; his presidency cited as the Philippines' Golden Years. Trade and industry flourished, the military was at its prime, and the Filipino people were recognized internationally in sports, culture and foreign affairs. The Philippines ranked 2nd in Asia's clean and well-governed countries. He worked to establish the National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Administration (NARRA) which helped in the giving some 65,000 acres to 3,000 indigent families for settlement purposes. Again, it allocated some other 25,000 acres to a little more than 1,500 landless families, who subsequently became farmers. He also the artesian wells campaign. In early 1954, Benigno Aquino, Jr. was appointed by Magsaysay as personal emissary to the leader of the Hukbalahap, a rebel group. By 1954, without the protection and support of local supporters, active Huk resistance no longer presented a serious threat to Philippine security. The active coordination of the Magsaysay administration with the Japanese government led to the Reparation Agreement, obligating the Japanese government to pay $800 million as reparation for war damages in the Philippines. His term was cut short by a plane crash on 16 March 1957. Vice-President Carlos García assumed the presidency to serve out the last 8 months of Magsaysay's term. Some 5million people attended his burial on 31 March 1957. He was posthumously referred to by the people the "Idol of the Masses". TLS as President on 10 x 8 Malacanang Palace letterhead, Manila, March 31 1954, to Robert Gros, San Francisco. President Magsaysay is glad achievements of his administration are being well received in the US, acknowledges that there is much to be done but nothing is impossible with help of the Filipino people; sends ISP (not included). Robert R. Gros (1915-1997) Public relations director of Pacific Gas & Electric Co. 1955-76, he was San Francisco's official escort when Nikita Krushchev visited the Bay Area in 1959. After retirement, he drew upon his hundreds of interviews and dozens of fact-finding trips abroad and related those experiences to audiences around the world, delivering 3,000+ lectures. He interviewed hundreds of influential individuals, including Dag Hammarskjold and U Thant of the United Nations, Andrei Gromyko, former British PMs Anthony Eden & Harold Macmillan, Indira Gandhi, the Shah of Iran, Chiang Kai Shek and Madame Chiang. Starting with Herbert Hoover, Gros knew and interviewed 11 US presidents as well as Charles Lindbergh and John L. Lewis to Gertrude Stein and Joe E. Brown. He twice rode military airlift supply operations during the 1948 Berlin Airlift and was personally commended by President Eisenhower in 1956 for his services to the American Council on NATO. He was a 5-time winner of the Freedoms Foundation award for memorable speeches. He was national director of the Navy League of the United States 1949-72 and on its national advisory committee 1973-82.

Condition: Very good, staple holes top left
Type:Letter






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