Holyoake, Sir Keith J.

1965 TLS as New Zealandís Prime Minister, only person to be both PM & Governor-General

Price: $25.00

Description:
(1904-1983) New Zealand politician, only person to have been both Prime Minister and Governor-General of New Zealand. Holyoake was National Party Prime Minister from 20 September - 12 December 1957, then again from 12 December 1960- 7 February 1972. He was appointed Governor-General in 1977 and served until 1980. He is to date the 3rd longest serving New Zealand Prime Minister and the first born in the 20th century. Holyoake was born in New Zealand's Wairarapa region, and at 12, having left school after his father's death, he worked on the family farm in Riwaka. and became involved in various local farming associations that increased his interest in politics. The Reform Party selected Holyoake as its candidate for the Motueka seat in the 1931 election. The incumbent MP held the seat, but died the following year. Holyoake was the Reform Party's candidate in the 1932 by-election and was successful. He became the youngest Member of Parliament at the time, at 28. In the 1935 election, Holyoake retained his seat despite a massive swing against the Reform-United coalition. After the election, he played a key role in transforming the coalition into the modern National Party. In the 1938 election, Holyoake lost his seat to a rising star of the governing Labour Party, Gerry Skinner. In 1943 he returned to Parliament as MP for Pahiatua and, in 1946, he became the party's Deputy Leader. National won the 1949 election and formed the First National Government, and new PM Sidney Holland appointed him Minister of Agriculture. Holyoake was also was for a year (1949Ė50) in charge of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, and was Minister of Marketing until the department was abolished in 1953. As Minister of Agriculture for 8 years Holyoake enhanced his reputation as a level headed good administrator. As Deputy leader of the National Party, Holyoake was acting PM whenever Holland was overseas and after the 1954 general election Holland made him the first person formally appointed Deputy Prime Minister. Holyoake became Prime Minister 2 months before the 1957 election, when Holland retired due to ill-health, and also became Minister of M‚ori Affairs on the retirement of Ernest Corbett. The election was won by the Labour Party and he became Leader of the Opposition for the next 3 years. In the 1960 election National was returned to power, and formed the Second National government. Holyoake's 2nd term was typified by a long period of prosperity and economic expansion. However, increasing social liberalism and moves by the UK to join the European Economic Community challenged his Government. Holyoake's government passed the Crimes Act 1961which included the abolition of capital punishment. His government introduced a form of voluntary unionism, but the majority of industrial workplaces remained unionized. The Government was comfortably re-elected for a second term in 1963. In 1966 Holyoake's Government sent limited military support to the Vietnam War. The Government was narrowly re-elected at the 1969 general election. On 2 February 1972 Holyoake stepped down as PM, succeded by his deputy and friend, Jack Marshall. When National under Marshall was defeated, Holyoake remained prominent in Opposition. He played an active part in the 1975 election, which saw National regain power again under Robert Muldoon who appointed Holyoake to the specially created sinecure of Minister of State. In 1977, Holyoake was unexpectedly appointed Governor-General by Queen Elizabeth II on the advice of PM Muldoon. This choice was deemed controversial by some, as Holyoake was a sitting Cabinet minister and former Prime Minister. As a result of the appointment, Holyoake resigned from Parliament. His conduct while in office, however, was acknowledged to be fair and balanced. TLS as Prime Minister on 10 x 8 official letterhead with blue printed national emblem at top center, Wellington, May 4 1965, to a Chicago social worker. PM Holyoake sends a photo for a childrenís display of autographs and photographs of world figures, sends photo (not here), appreciates and reciprocates New Year wishes.

Condition: Very good
Type:Letter






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