Johnson, Hiram W.

California progressive Republican Governor 1911-17, 1912 running mate of Theodore Roosevelt, isolationist US Senator 1917-45

Price: $60.00

Description:
(1866-1945) Leading American progressive (and later isolationist) politician from California. 23rd Governor 1911-17, US Senator 1917-45. Won 1910 gubernatorial election as a member of the Lincoln-Roosevelt League, liberal Republican movement running on an anti-Southern Pacific Railroad platform. A populist, implemented many important reforms, inc. popular election of US Senators, which stripped away sole franchise of the California State Legislature to vote for federal Senators. He also pushed for woman suffrage and ability of candidates to register in more than one political party, a reform he believed would cripple the influence of a monolithic political establishment. In 1911, Johnson and the Progressives added initiative, referendum, and recall to state government, giving California a degree of direct democracy unmatched by any other state. A founder of the Progressive Party in 1912, and its VP candidate with former President Theodore Roosevelt; his selection helped TR carry California by 0.2% of the votes. The Progressives finished ahead of incumbent Republican President Wm. H. Taft but behind Democrat Woodrow Wilson. Re-elected governor 1914, in 1916 successfully ran for the Senate. Following Roosevelt's death in Jan. 1919, Johnson was regarded as the natural leader of the Progressive Party. In 1920, however, he ran for President as a Republican, defeated for the nomination by Warren Harding. He received 10 votes for the nomination against Calvin Coolidge in 1924. Re-elected to the Senate with 94.5% of the popular vote in 1934, Johnson supported FDRs New Deal, frequently aiding the Democrats and even backing FDR in the 1932 & 1936 presidential elections, although he never switched party affiliation. He became disenchanted with FDR after the unsuccessful attempt to increase the size of the Supreme Court. A staunch isolationist (only Senator to vote against the League of Nations and the United Nations), Johnson was much less supportive of FDR on foreign policy. 3 x 4 card signed as California US Senator, dated November 2 1944 (5 days before Election Day) by him.

Condition: Very good, very faint clip impression at top left
Type:Signed Card






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