Nye, Gerald P.

No. Dakota Republican US Senator, uncovered Teapot Dome scandal, a founder of pre-WW II isolationist “America First Committee”

Price: $15.00

Description:
(1892-1971) North Dakota US Senator (R) 1925–45, supporter of WWII-era isolationism, chairing the Nye Committee which studied the causes of US involvement in WW I. In May 1916, he bought a weekly paper in Fryburg, North Dakota, “The Fryburg Pioneer”. A supporter of the agrarian reform movement, his editorials lambasted big government and big business, and sided with struggling farmers. In 1924, Nye lost election as a progressive Republican to Congress. When Senator Edwin F. Ladd died on June 22, 1925, North Dakota Governor Sorlie appointed him to fill the seat, and he was subsequently elected to 3 full terms, in 1926, 1932, & 1938. He served on the Foreign Relations, Appropriations, Defense, and Public Lands Committees. As Chairman of Public Lands, he dealt with the formation of Grand Teton National Park and the Teapot Dome scandal. In the 1920s, as Chairman of the Public Lands Committee, Nye uncovered the fact that Harding Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall had uncompetitively leased a government oil field to Mammoth Oil Company in return for contributions to the Republican National Committee. He was instrumental in passing legislation to protect public access to the seacoasts. He initially supported President Roosevelt and his New Deal, supported political positions of Robert M. La Follette, and legislation for agricultural price supports. Nye headed a 1934-36 investigation looking into profiteering in the munitions and banking industries and the possibility that greed was a significant factor leading us into WW I. The Nye Committee created national and international headlines by drawing connections between wartime profits of the banking and munitions industries and American involvement. The investigation of these "merchants of death" helped to bolster sentiments for isolationism. The investigation abruptly ended early in 1936. The Senate cut off committee funding after Chairman Nye blundered into an attack on President Woodrow Wilson. Nye suggested that Wilson withheld essential information from Congress as it considered a declaration of war. Democratic leaders, including Appropriations Committee Chairman Carter Glass of Virginia, unleashed a furious response against Nye for “dirtdaubing the sepulcher of Woodrow Wilson.'” He was instrumental in the development and adoption of the Neutrality Acts passed between 1935 and 1937. To mobilize antiwar sentiments, he helped establish the America First Committee. In 1941, Nye accused Hollywood of attempting to “drug the reason of the American people,“ and “rouse war fever.“ The day of the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, Nye attended an America First meeting in Pittsburgh. The next day he joined the rest of the Senate in voting for a unanimous declaration of war. In 1944, Nye was defeated for re-election. He organized and became president of Records Engineering, Inc., in Washington, which created, organized, and managed records of industrial and government clients. In 1960 he was appointed to the Federal Housing Administration as Assistant to the Commissioner in charge of housing for the elderly. In 1963, he was appointed to the staff of the Senate Committee on Aging, retiring in 1966 and becoming a consultant to churches and private groups desiring government funds for building retirement housing. Signed 3 x 5 card, undated but early-mid 1940s.

Condition: Very good, light uniformn toning, slightly pale corners
Type:Signed Card






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