Connally, Tom

Texas US Senator 1929-53, chaired Senate Foreign Relations Committee during and after WW II

Price: $15.00

Description:
(1877-1963) Texas Democrat, US Rep 1917-28 & US Senator 1929-53. He joined the House Foreign Affairs Committee and became a strong critic of American policy in the Caribbean. He was also an active opponent of the Ku Klux Klan. In the Senate, he originally supported FDR and his New Deal policies. However, he came under pressure from wealthy Texas oilmen and gradually moved to the right. As Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee 1941-47 & 1949-53, he was instrumental in the ratification of the treaty creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and also a member and Vice Chairman of the United Nations Conference on International Organization in 1945 that chartered the United Nations. He authored the "Connally Reservation," which amended ratification of the UN charter to bar the International Court of Justice from having jurisdiction over domestic matters "as determined by the United States", a repudiation of the authority of the World Court. The Connally Hot Oil Act of 1935 gave the Texas Railroad Commission authority to proration oil, putting it in firm control of the world's most prolific oil fields, controlling the US supply of oil. As a result, the price of oil increased. He also was a leader in the fight against anti-lynching legislation. In December 1940 President Roosevelt proposed selling munitions to Britain and Canada. Isolationists like Connally and Arthur Vandenberg argued that this legislation would lead to US involvement in the World War. As a result, on March 11, 1941, Congress passed the Lend Lease Act which gave President Roosevelt powers to sell, transfer, exchange, lend equipment to any country to help it defend itself against the Axis powers. Connally upset the Southern Caucus with his support of Harry Truman in the 1948 presidential election instead of Strom Thurmond. He came under increasing pressure from right-wing sources in Texas and eventually retired from the Senate. He was a first cousin twice removed of Governor John B. Connally, Jr. Signed 3 x 5 card, adds “U.S.S. Texas”, undated but early-mid 1940s.

Condition: Very good, slight uniform toning, very faint clip impression at top left corner, faintly pale corners
Type:Signed Card






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