White, William Allen

Signed photo of the Pulitzer Prize-winning “Sage of Emporia”

Price: $40.00

Description:
(1868-1944) "The Sage of Emporia," eminent newspaper editor, politician, author, a leader of the Progressive movement. Born in Emporia, Kansas, attended the College of Emporia and the University of Kansas, and in 1892 started work at The Kansas City Star as an editorial writer. He bought the Emporia Gazette in 1895 for $3000 and became its editor. In 1896 he attracted national attention with a scathing attack on Wm. Jennings Bryan, the Democrats and the Populists, titled "What's the Matter With Kansas?" White sharply ridiculed Populist leaders for letting Kansas slip into economic stagnation and not keeping up economically with neighboring states because their anti-business policies frightened away economic capital. The Republicans sent out hundreds of thousands of copies in support of McKinley during the 1896 presidential election. With his warm sense of humor, articulate editorial pen, and commonsense approach to life, he became known throughout the country. His Gazette editorials were widely reprinted; he wrote syndicated stories on politics, and published many books, including biographies of Woodrow Wilson and Calvin Coolidge. "What's the Matter With Kansas" and "Mary White", a beautiful tribute to his 16-year-old daughter on her death in 1921, portraying her as an anti-flapper, were his best-known writings. He won a 1923 Pulitzer Prize for his editorial "To an Anxious Friend," published July 27, 1922, after being arrested in a dispute over free speech following objections to the way Kansas handled the men who participated in the Great Railroad Strike of 1922. His autobiography, published posthumously, won a 1947 Pulitzer Prize. White developed his idea of the small town as a metaphor for understanding social change and for preaching the necessity of community, but tailored his rhetoric to the needs and values of emerging urban America. He opposed chain stores and mail order firms as a threat to Main Street business owners. The Great Depression shook his faith in a cooperative, selfless, middle-class America. He was a liberal Republican who wrote many editorials praising FDR's New Deal, but voted against FDR every time. He was a leader of the Kansas Progressive movement, forming the Kansas Republican League in 1912 to oppose railroads. He helped Theodore Roosevelt form the Progressive (Bull-Moose) Party in 1912 in opposition to conservative Republican incumbent president William H. Taft. He was a reporter at the Versailles Conference in 1919 and a strong supporter of Wilson's proposal for the League of Nations. During the 20s, White criticized the isolationism and conservatism of the Republican Party. In 1924, angered by the emergence of the Ku Klux Klan in the state, he made an unsuccessful run for Kansas Governor. He was fundamental in the formation of the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies, sometimes known as "the White Committee." He fought the powerful America First Committee, which believed, like most other Republicans, that the US should stay out of the WW II, and spent much of his last 3 years involved with this Committee. He wrote editorials for the Gazette until his death in 1944. He was also a founding editor of The Book of the Month Club with long time friend Dorothy Canfield. The University of Kansas Journalism School is named for him. There are also 2 awards the William Allen White Foundation has created: The William Allen White Award for outstanding journalistic merit and the Children's Book Award. In 1948 a 3¢ stamp was issued in his honor by the US Postal Service. SP, signed 9 ¼ x 7 International Newsreel backstamped b&w flat finish portrait of an older White at his desk.

Condition: Very good
Type:Photograph






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