Wade, Benjamin F.

Ohio Radical Republican Senator, as Senate President pro tempore, would have become President had the impeached Andrew Johnson been convicted by the Senate

Price: $75.00

Description:
(1800-1878) Ohio Radical Republican US Senator, as Senate President prop tempore, he would have become President had the impeached Andrew Johnson been convicted by the Senate. After being admitted to the bar, he formed a partnership in 1831with prominent abolitionist Joshua Giddings. He was elected to the State Senate as a Whig, serving 1837-42 and became a county judge. In 1851 he was elected to the US Senate and associated with such eventual Radical Republicans as Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner. He fought against the controversial Fugitive Slave Act and the Kansas-Nebraska Act and supported women's suffrage, trade union rights, and equality for African-Americans. In March 1861, he became chairman of the Committee on Territories and in 1862 was instrumental in abolishing slavery in Federal territories. He was also chairman of the important Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War 1861-62. Wade was most critical of President Lincoln and especially angry when Lincoln was slow to recruit African Americans into the armies. In December 1863, he and Maryland Rep. Henry Winter Davis sponsored the Wade-Davis Bill that would run the South, when conquered. It mandated that there be a 50% White male Iron-Clad Loyalty Oath, Black male suffrage, and Military Governors to be confirmed by the Senate. It passed the House May 4 and the Senate July 2, 1864; on July 4, 1864, President Lincoln pocket-vetoed the bill by refusing to sign it. This drove Wade and Davis to sign the Wade-Davis Manifesto, which accused the president of seeking reelection by executive establishment of new state governments. Wade and most Radical Republicans were highly critical of President Andrew Johnson. Wade supported the Freedmen's Bureau and Civil Rights Bills (which he succeeded in extending to the District of Columbia) and was a strong partisan of the 14th Amendment. He also strengthened his party in Congress by forcefully advocating admission of Nebraska and Kansas. At the beginning of the 40th Congress (in 1867), he became Senate President pro tempore, which meant that under existing law he was next in line for the presidency (as Johnson had no vice president). When Johnson was impeached, Wade was sworn in as one of the Senators sitting in judgment, but was greatly criticized because of his unseemly interest in the trial outcome. Although most Senators believed Johnson guilty of the charges, they did not want the extreme radical Wade to be acting president. In 1868, then-presidential candidate Ulysses S. Grant was urged by his fellow Republicans to choose Wade as his running mate; but he refused, instead choosing another radical, Schuyler Colfax, who coincidentally married Wade's niece shortly after the election. After his defeat in the 1868 elections, Wade returned to his Ohio law practice. 6 ½ x 8 ¼ autograph album page signed “B. F. Wade/ Ohio” as Senator, undated but late 1868-early 1869.

Condition: Very good, very light aging at sides
Type:Signed Album Page






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