Morrill, Justin S.

Vermont US Rep & Senator, Drafted Land Grant College Act and controversial tariff and anti-polygamy legislation in 43-year congressional career

Price: $15.00

Description:
(1810-1898) A founder of the Republican Party, Vermont US Rep 1855–67 and a Senator 1867–98, most remembered today for the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act that established federal funding for establishing many American public colleges and universities. In 1854 Morrill was elected as a Whig to the 34th Congress and as a Republican to the next 5 Congresses. He authored the Tariff Act of 1861 as well as the college land-grant act. He was chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means in the 39th Congress (1865-67) and served on the Joint Committee on Reconstruction that drafted the 14th Amendment. In 1866, he was elected as a Union Republican to the Senate and served almost 31 years. As chairman of the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds (1869-77), he played a vital role in obtaining the current Library of Congress main building through his work on the Joint Select Committee on Additional Accommodations for the Library. He also served as regent of the Smithsonian Institution 1883–98 and as trustee of the University of Vermont 1865–98. The Morrill Act, also known as the Land Grant College Act, signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln in 1862. Many colleges established under this act have a “Morrill Hall” named in his honor. In 1999, the US Postal Service issued a 55˘ Great Americans series postage stamp to honor his role in establishing the land grant colleges, forerunners of many state universities. He also authored the Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act of 1862, which targeted The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, based on the then-existing practice of plural marriage (polygamy). It imposed a $500 fine and up to 5 years imprisonment for the crime of polygamy. In 1879, the Supreme Court, upheld the Anti-Bigamy Act's ban on plural marriage.The Morrill Tariff of 1861, a protective tariff law adopted on March 2, 1861, was one of the last acts signed into law by President Buchanan, and provided an issue for secessionist agitation in some southern states. Two additional tariffs sponsored by Rep. Morrill, each one higher, were passed during Lincoln's administration to raise urgently needed revenue during the Civil War. Signature “J.S. Morrill/Vt.” on 2 x 6 partial autograph album page signed while US Senator, undated but ca. 1869.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signature






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