Thomas, Lorenzo

US Army Adjutant General, his nomination to replace Secretary of War Stanton precipitated Andrew Johnson’s impeachment

Price: $35.00

Description:
(1804-1875) USMA 1823, Adjutant General of the Army at the start of the Civil War. After the War, he was appointed temporary Secretary of War by President Johnson, precipitating Johnson's impeachment. Commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant in the 4th Infantry, he fought in the Seminole War in Florida and in the Mexican-American War. He was breveted Lieutenant Colonel for Monterey, made permanent in 1852. He was chief of staff to the US Army Commanding General Winfield Scott 1853-61.On March 7, 1861, he was promoted to Colonel and Adjutant General of the Army. On August 10, 1861, President Lincoln appointed him Brigadier General to rank from Aug. 3, 1861, the Senate confirmed him Aug. 5. Camp Thomas, a Regular Army training base in Columbus, Ohio, was named in his honor in July 1861. He was Adjutant General until he retired in 1869, except for a special assignment to recruit African-American troops in the Military Division of the Mississippi 1863-65. Thomas did not get along well with Secretary of War Stanton and this assignment outside of Washington was considered a form of banishment. He served as the Chairman of the War Board, which assisted President Lincoln and Secretary Stanton in management of the War Department and command of the Union armies March 17-July 23, 1862, while there was no General-in-Chief. On March 8, 1866, President Johnson nominated Thomas as brevet Major General to rank from March 13, 1865, the Senate confirmed the appointment on July 14, 1866. On Feb. 21, 1868, President Johnson attempted to replace Stanton by appointing Thomas as Secretary of War ad interim. Thomas, still stinging from his bad treatment by Stanton, boasted of his ability and determination to oust him from office by force, if necessary. Thomas retired from the Army Feb. 22, 1869, 10 days before Johnson left office. Fort Thomas, established in Arizona Territory in 1876, was named for him. Autograph sentiment (“Very truly yours”) signed as Bvt Major General U.S.A. on 6 ½ x 8 ¼ autograph album page; undated but ca. January 1869.

Condition: Very good
Type:Autograph Sentiment Signed






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