Maynard, Horace

Tennessee Unionist congressman, Minister to Turkey, Postmaster General (Hayes)

Price: $15.00

Description:
(1814-1882) Educator, attorney, politician, and diplomat in the 2nd half of the 19th century. Elected to Congress from Tennessee in 1857, Maynard, an ardent Union supporter, became one of the few Southern congressmen to maintain his seat in the House during the Civil War. Toward the end of the War, he was Tennessee's attorney general under Governor Andrew Johnson, and later served as Ambassador to Turkey under President Grant (1875-80) and Postmaster General under President Hayes (June 2, 1880-March 5, 1881). He initially supported the Whig Party, and on the collapse of the Whig Party, ran for Congress on the American, Opposition and Unionist party tickets in 1857, 1859, and 1861, respectively. With fellow Unionists Andrew Johnson, T.A.R. Nelson, and William G. Brownlow, Maynard worked feverishly to keep Tennessee in the Union amidst the secession crisis of 1860-61, giving dozens of pro-Union speeches. He spent much of his first 2 terms in Congress fighting to preserve the Union, and during the Civil War consistently urged President Lincoln to send Union forces to free East Tennessee from its Confederate occupiers. Maynard returned to Congress after the War, but being a Republican in a Democrat-controlled state, he struggled in statewide elections. In 1864, he was appointed Tennessee attorney general by Military Governor Andrew Johnson. Elected to the 39th Congress in 1866 as an Unconditional Unionist following readmission of Tennessee into the Union, he then served in the 40th-43rd Congresses as a Republican. During the 43rd Congress he was chairman of the House Committee on Banking and Currency. In 1868, Maynard was appointed to the Tennessee Supreme Court by Governor Brownlow, holding both offices simultaneously. In 1874, he ran for Governor of Tennessee as a Republican, but lost. The county seat of Union County, Maynardville, was named for him. Signed 2 ¼ x 4 ¼ piece likely while US Rep, adds “Knoxville, Tennessee”. Undated but ca. 1869.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signature






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