Schwarenka, Franz Xavier

1895 ALS of the German pianist-composer mentions prominent Wagnerian dramatic basso

Price: $40.00

Description:
(1850-1924) Franz Xaver Scharwenka (1850-1924) German pianist, composer and teacher. He began learning to play the piano by ear at 3 but began formal music studies at 15, when his family moved to Berlin and he enrolled at the Akademie der Tonkunst. He debuted at the Singakademie in 1869. He taught there until 1873. In 1874, Scharwenka began touring as a concert pianist, a renowned interpreter of the music of Chopin. In October 1881, he founded his own music school in Berlin. In 1886 he conducted the first in a series of orchestral concerts devoted to the music of Berlioz, Liszt and Beethoven while continuing to tour extensively and play his works in collaboration with artists such as conductor Hans Richter and violinist Joseph Joachim. In 1891, Scharwenka made his 1st US tour. Deciding to emigrate, he opened a New York branch of his Scharwenka Music School. In 1893 the Berlin Scharwenka Conservatory was united with the Klindworth Conservatory, and in 1898 he returned there as Director, from New York. In 1914, with W. Petzet, he opened a School of Music with a piano teachers’ seminary attached. His “Methodik des Klavierspiels” was published in Leipzig in 1907. In addition to his activities as a pianist, composer and founder of a music school, he also organized concerts and made several recordings for Columbia Records in 1910 & 1913, including works of his own, as well as Chopin, Mendelssohn, Weber and Liszt: his account of Chopin's “Fantaisie-Impromptu (Op. posth. 66)” is admired. There are Welte-Mignon piano rolls, including the Chopin “A-flat Waltz, Op 42”, and the “F minor Fantaisie (Op. 49)”, his performance of which was famous. He recorded his "Polish Dance No. 1 in E-flat minor, Op. 3, No. 1” on Ampico reproducing piano roll in 1921, the piece enormously popular. His own compositions include an opera (“Mataswintha”, 1896), a symphony (“Symphony in C minor, Op. 60”, 1885), four piano concertos, chamber music (all with piano part) and numerous piano pieces. His piano concertos are substantial works. The first, in B flat minor, Op. 32, was completed in 1874 and premiered 1875. Scharwenka reworked it with orchestra and Franz Liszt accepted the dedication and performed it in Berlin. The fourth concerto, in F minor, Op. 82 (1908), premiered in 1908 in the Beethovensaal, Berlin, with Scharwenka's student Martha Siebold as the soloist and the composer conducting. Brief 6 ½ x 4 ¼ALS in German, untranslated, Ne York, March 31 1895, mentions German Wagnerian dramatic bass Emil Fischer in "Siegfried". Emil Fischer (1838-1914) German dramatic bass or bass-baritone, débuted in 1857 in Graz in Boieldieu's “Jean de Paris”. After that he filled various engagements in Pressburg, Stettin, and Brunswick. He was director of the opera at Danzig 1863-70. Fischer sang in Rotterdam 1875-80, and in Dresden 1880-85. He sang at the Met in New York 1885-91, the culmination of his artistic triumphs. Lilli Lehmann, Max Alvary, and Marianne Brandt performed there with him. He not only created the bass roles in Wagner's later music dramas, as far as America is concerned, but also established his reputation as a Wagner interpreter surpassed by none and equaled by very few. He performed in the US with Damrosch's German Opera Company 1895-97. He appeared for the last time at the Metropolitan Opera House in 1907.

Condition: Very good, top right and lower left corners slightly clipped
Type:Letter






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