Dickerson, Mahlon

1834 LS as Navy Secretary with good US Navy medical historical association

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Description:
10 x 8 LS as Secretary, Navy Department (Washington), November 3 1834, to Dr. William Grier, care of (Maryland) Rep. B(enjamin). C(hew). Howard. Dickinson informs Dr. Grier that a Board of Naval Surgeone will assemble in Philadelphia for examination of candidates for admission into the Navy as Assistant Surgeons. Grier may, if of full age, present himself to the Board for examination and, if qualified, will receive a commission as Assistant Surgeon when his services are required. He will present this letter to Surgeon Wm. P. C. Barton who will preside at the Board. WILLIAM GRIER (1818-1911) Irish-born, appointed Assistant Surgeon in 1838. Served at sea aboard USS Cyane, at the Brooklyn Naval Hospital, and then with the North Pacific Squadron. During the Civil War, he was attached to several vessels and a temporary naval hospital at Memphis. Navy Surgeon General 1877-78. BENJAMIN CHEW HOWARD (1791-1872) Maryland US Rep (D) 1829-33 & 1835-39, 5th Reporter of Decisions of the US Supreme Court 1843-61. Baltimore born son of John Eager Howard, Brig. General in War of 1812. Served on Baltimore City Council 1820 and in both houses of Maryland’s legislature. In 1835, President Jackson named he and Richard Rush to arbitrate the Ohio-Michigan boundary dispute. In 1861, he was one of the emissaries sent by President Buchanan to try to secure peace with the Confederacy. WILLIAM P. C. BARTON (1786-1856) Medical botanist, physician, professor, naval surgeon, botanical illustrator. Pursued classical education at Princeton where each member of his class assumed the name of a celebrated man. He chose Count Paul Crillon, and retained initials “P. C.” the rest of his life. Began medical studies at the Univ. of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1805 under his uncle, Benjamin Smith Barton, renowned botanist and author of the 1st US textbook on botanical science, received degree 1808. Entered the Navy as a Surgeon at 23, commissioned 1809. He fought to tighten controls of shipboard medical supplies and called for introduction of lemons & limes aboard ships long before the Navy accepted the importance of an antiscorbutic treatment for scurvy. In Feb. 1811, Congress passed an act establishing naval hospitals. Navy Secretary Hamilton asked Barton to draft regulations to govern hospitals, and, in 1812, the Navy Department submitted them to Congress. He was the 1st to promote idea of employing female nurses in the Navy. By 1824, he served on 1st Board to examine candidates for the Navy's medical service. Became commanding officer at the Norfolk Naval Hospital 1830, and involved in developing the Philadelphia Naval Hospital in the Naval Asylum. President Tyler appointed him 1st head of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery 1842 (post of Navy Surgeon General created March 1871). He urged Navy hospitals be modeled after British medical facilities. On 1815 death of his uncle, Benjamin Smith Barton, he became Professor of Botany at Univ. of Pennsylvania and dedicated himself to teaching medical botany at the University’s School of Medicine and Thomas Jefferson Medical College (Dean 1828 –29). He was a fellow of the Philadelphia College of Physicians, president of the Linnaean Society, and member of the American Philosophical Society.

Condition: Very good, slight chipping at top right side not affecting content
Type:Letter






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