Field, Stephen J.

Card signed as Retired Associate Justice (1897-99)

Price: $110.00

Description:
(1816-1899) Associate Justice 1863-1897. Brother of David Dudley Field and Cyrus Field, uncle of Justice David J. Brewer. To California 1848, 5th Chief Justice of California Supreme Court 1857-63. Lincoln appointed him to newly created 10th Supreme Court seat to achieve regional balance (Westerner), political balance (Unionist Democrat) and to give the Court someone familiar with real estate and mining issues. Proponent of substantive due process that protected property rights from regulation under the 14th Amendment, as illustrated in his dissents to “The Slaughterhouse Cases” and Munn v. Illinois. Helped end the income tax (Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Company), limited anti-trust law (US v. E.C. Knight Company), and the power of the Interstate Commerce Commission. In California, he wrote opinions against California laws discriminating against Chinese immigrants to that state; however, Justice Field dissented in Strauder v. West Virginia, which held that excluding African-Americans from a jury that convicted an African-American of murder violated the 14th Amendment's Equal Protection Clause. He also joined the majority in Plessy v. Ferguson which upheld racial segregation. Served on 1877 Electoral Commission to settle 1876 election, voting with Democrats on all issues. On Aug. 14, 1889, in the Lathrop, California Southern Pacific depot, Field's former California Supreme Court colleague, David S. Terry, assaulted him, resulting in Terry being killed by Field's body guard, Deputy US Marshal David Neagle. The attempt by the sheriff of San Joaquin County to prosecute Neagle for murder resulted in the landmark Supreme Court case of In Re Neagle, in which the Court (without Field) held that a federal officer is immune from prosecution in state court for necessary and reasonable acts committed in performance of official duties. 2 ¼ x 3 ¾ card signed as “Associate Justice/of U. S. Supreme Court/Retired” (Dec. 1897-April 1899)

Condition: Very good
Type:Signed Card






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