Butler, Matthew C. & Patterson, John J.

Unlikely pair of ca. 1881 South Carolina US Senators: a Republican carptetbag ex-USA captain and a Democrat ex-CSA major general

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Description:
JOHN J. PATTERSON (1830-1912) Penna.-born “carpetbag” South Carolina US Senator. During the 1850s he engaged in newspaper and banking businesses, published the “Juniata Sentinel” in 1852 and was editor-part owner of the “Harrisburg Telegraph” in 1853. He served 1854-56 in the state House of Representatives. In 1861, he joined the US Army and was a captain in the 15th Infantry. After the war he moved to Columbia, So. Carolina and engaged in railroad construction. In 1873 he was elected to the US Senate by the legislature as a Republican and was chairman of the Committee on Education and Labor 1875-77 and member of the Committee on Territories 1877-79. He was criticized by many for being a carpetbagger. When his term ended in 1879, Reconstruction had ended and with the Democrats having assumed nearly all power in South Carolina, he had no hope of reelection. MATTHEW C. BUTLER (1836-1909) CSA Major General, postwar US Senator, USA Major General during the Spanish-American War. His mother was the sister of Comm. Oliver H. Perry & Matthew Calbraith Perry for whom he was named. His father was a Congressman, one uncle was a US Senator, another was Governor of South Carolina; one cousin was Rep. Preston Brooks, who assaulted Sen. Charles Sumner in 1856 on the floor of the Senate. Elected to the state House of Representatives in 1860, resigned in 1861 when the Civil War began. He served in the cavalry in Hampton's Legion, and lost his right foot at Brandy Station. He became Brigadier General Feb. 1864. Financially ruined after the war, Butler served in the state House of Representatives from 1866. He became a Democrat and ran unsuccessfully for lieutenant governor in 1870. In 1877, as Reconstruction ended and the Democrats regained control of the state, he was elected by the legislature to the US Senate, serving 1877-95, losing the 1894 primary to Ben Tillman. In 1898, he was appointed Major General US Volunteers during the Spanish-American War. He supervised the evacuation of Spanish troops from Cuba and was honorably discharged in 1899. In 1903, he was elected VP of the Southern Historical Society, and in 1904, relocated to Mexico, where he served as president of a mining company. 4 ½ x 7 ½ autograph album page signed by South Carolina’s 2 1881 US Senators, M. C. Butler and John J. Patterson, both adding “S.C.” under their names.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signed Album Page






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