Maxey, Samuel Bell & Coke, Richard

Two colorful Texas CSA officers and politicians, served together as US Senators 1877-87

Price: $150.00

Description:
SAMUEL BELL MAXEY (1825-1895) USMA 1846, Texas politician, CSA Major General, Texas US Senator. With the 7th US Infantry in the Mexican-American War, cited for actions at Cerro Gordo and Contreras in 1847, participated in battles of Churubusco and Molino del Rey. Resigned from the army 1849, read law with his father and in October 1857 father and son moved south of Paris, Texas and resumed joint law practice there. He was elected Lamar County district attorney in 1858 and was a delegate to the 1861 state Secession Convention. In December, Col. Maxey led the 9th Texas Regt. from Bonham to join General Johnston at Memphis. In March 1862 he was promoted to Brigadier General. In Dec. 1863, Maxey was named commander of the Indian Territory. His early success in conducting raids and capturing supplies prevented a Union invasion of Texas and earned him promotion to Major General. In 1865 he was ordered to Houston. He resigned May 22, 1865, returned to Paris, formally surrendered in July to General E.R.S. Canby, and remained at home on parole. As a senior CSA officer, he was not eligible to hold political office or practice law. President Johnson pardoned him on July 20, 1867 after a personal appeal from Maxey's former West Point classmate, U. S. Grant. In Jan. 1875, the legislature elected him to the US Senate where he served March 4, 1875-March 4, 1887. He improved postal and rail service in Texas and argued against increased tariffs. RICHARD COKE (1829-1897) Virginia-born Texas lawyer, farmer, and statesman, 15th Governor 1874-76, US Senator 1877-95. In 1850, he moved to Texas and opened a law practice in Waco. A delegate to the 1861 Secession Convention, joined the Confederate Army, and in 1862 raised a company that became part of the 15th Texas Infantry. He was its Captain for the rest of the war. In 1865, he was appointed a district court judge, and then in 1866 was elected as an associate justice to the Texas Supreme Court. In 1867, Military Governor General Phil Sheridan fired Coke and 4 other judges; their firing made them famous with the public, symbols of resistance to Union occupation. In 1873, Coke leveraged resentment at Union occupation to construct a Democratic electoral coalition that would rule Texas for over 100 years. He ran for Governor as a Democrat in 1873 and took office in January 1874. The Texas Supreme Court ruled his election invalid. Democrats secured the keys to the 2nd floor of the Capitol and took possession. On Jan. 15, 1874, he was inaugurated as governor. On Jan. 16, incumbent Gov. Edmund Davis arranged for a truce, but appealed for federal intervention. A telegram from President Grant said that he would not send US troops to keep Davis in office. Davis resigned January 19. Coke's administration was marked by vigorous action to balance the budget and by a revised state constitution adopted in 1876. He was also instrumental in creating the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (Texas A&M University). As Governor he appointed all members of the Supreme Court, and members of the Texas judiciary under the Confederacy received key appointments. Once the new constitution was negotiated, Coke resigned in Dec. 1876 after election to the US Senate, serving 1877-95. He was not a candidate for reelection in 1894. Coke County in West Texas is named in his honor. 4 ½ x 7 ½ autograph album page signed by Texas’ two ca. 1881 US Senators, Samuel Bell Maxey and Richard Coke, both adding “Texas” under their signatures.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signed Album Page






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