Trumbull, Lyman & Yates, Richard

Two great Illinois statesmen as ca. 1869 US Senators

Price: $85.00

Description:
LYMAN TRUMBULL (1813-1896) Illinois US Senator, co-author of the 13th Amendment to the US Constitution. Born in Connecticut, he practiced law in Georgia until 1837, when he moved to Alton, Illinois. He a state legislator, Secretary of State, and state Supreme Court justice. Although elected to Congress in 1854, he was elected by the legislature to the US Senate before he took his seat. He served 1855-73, and was affiliated with the Democrats, the Republicans, the Liberal Republicans, and finally the Democrats again. As chairman of the Judiciary Committee (1861-72), he co-wrote the 13th Amendment (with Iowa US Rep James M. Ashley & Senator David B. Henderson of Missouri) which prohibited slavery other than its use as punishment for crimes of which the party had been convicted. During President Johnson's impeachment trial, Trumbull and 6 other Republican senators believed that Thaddeus Stevens, Benjamin Wade, and their followers, had manipulated the proceedings against Johnson to give a one-sided presentation of the evidence. All seven Senators, resisting pressure imposed on them, broke party ranks, defied public opinion, and voting for acquittal. None was reelected. After the trial, Mass. Rep. Ben Butler conducted House hearings on widespread reports that Republican senators had been bribed to vote for Johnson's acquittal. The hearings and subsequent inquiries revealed evidence that some acquittal votes were acquired by promises of patronage jobs and cash. During the December 1871 congressional debate on the creation of Yellowstone National Park, Senator Trumbull spoke in favor of the park concept. After leaving the Senate in 1873, he set up a law practice in Chicago and ran unsuccessfully for governor as a Democrat in 1880. He became a Populist in 1894 and took part (with Clarence Darrow) in defending Eugene Debs and other leaders of the American Railway Union convicted for violating a federal court injunction during the 1894 Pullman railroad strike. During his explorations in the west John Wesley Powell named Mt. Trumbull (and now the Mt. Trumbull Wilderness) in NW Arizona after him. The Lyman Trumbull House in Alton, Ill., is a National Historic Landmark. RICHARD YATES (1815-1873) Civil War Governor of Illinois, when the war began, sent more troops to aid the Union than any other state. He also a US Rep 1851–55 and US Senator 1865–71.In 1850, he was elected as a Whig to Congress and was the youngest member of the 32nd Congress and reelected in 1852. During his 2nd term, repeal of the Missouri Compromise reopened the anti-slavery question. He opposed repeal, and became identified with the new Republican Party. As his district was pro-slavery, he narrowly lost his bid for a 3rd term. In 1860 he was elected governor as a Republican. He convened the legislature in extra session on April 12, 1861, the day after the attack on Fort Sumter, and took military possession of Cairo, garrisoning it with regular troops. In Gov. Yates's office General U. S. Grant received his first distinct recognition, appointed by Yates mustering officer for the state, and afterward Colonel of the 21st Illinois regiment. In 1862, he attended the Loyal War Governors' Conference in Altoona, Penna., which gave Lincoln support for his Emancipation Proclamation. During the Civil War Yates benefited from his relations with Lincoln to bring significant federal financial resources to Illinois and Chicago in particular. Chicago became the location for the largest prisoner of war encampment, Camp Douglas. Yates was elected as a Republican to the US Senate and served March 4, 1865-March 3, 1871; he was not a candidate for reelection. In 1923 a statue of Yates by Albin Polasek was erected on the State Capitol grounds. 3 x 6 ½ signatures of Trumbull and Yates, each on separate pieces from autograph album page, each adds “Ill” under his signature.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signatures






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