Lawrence, William

Ohio US Rep, Instrumental in creation of the Dept. of Justice and the American Red Cross, secured US ratification of the Geneva Convention with Clara Barton

Price: $10.00

Description:
(1819-1899) Ohio Republican US Rep influential in attempting to impeach Andrew Johnson, creating the Department of Justice, helping to create the American Red Cross, and ratifying the Geneva Convention. In 1841, he moved to Bellefontaine, Ohio, and set up a law practice. He was a newspaper editor, state legislator and jurist. In 1862, he entered the Union Army as Colonel of the 84th Ohio Infantry, a 3-month regiment. He served in Congress March 4, 1865- March 3, 1871, and was among the authors of the bill of impeachment against President Andrew Johnson in 1868. In 1867, as a member of the House Judiciary Committee, he directed an inquiry into the creation of a "law department" headed by the Attorney General and composed of the various department solicitors and district attorneys. On Feb. 19, 1868, he authored a bill to create the US Department of Justice. However, this bill died in Congress due to the Congress' (and Lawrence's) concern with the impeachment of President Johnson. On Feb. 25, 1870, Rep. Thomas Jenckes of Rhode Island introduced a bill to create the Department of Justice, which incorporated many ideas from Lawrence's previous bill, and Lawrence gave the bill his full support. On June 22, 1870, President Grant signed this 2nd bill into law, creating the Department of Justice. Returning home in 1871, Lawrence founded the Bellefontaine National Bank (acquired by Huntington National Bank in 1977), and was its 1st president. He returned to Congress 1873-77, and was chairman of the Committee on War Claims arising from the Civil War. In 1880, he was appointed First Comptroller of the Treasury by President Hayes, serving to 1885. On May 21, 1881, Lawrence appealed on behalf of Clara Barton to President Garfield to support creation of the American Red Cross. He served as the organization's 1st Vice President. Lawrence and Barton were also instrumental in persuading the US to ratify the Geneva Convention in 1882. Signature (“Autograph of”) on 2 ¾ x 5 portion of an album page while US Rep, adds Bellefontaine, Ohio, Sept. 1869.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signature






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