Ingalls, John J. & Plumb, Preston B.

Kansas’ 1877-91 Republican US Senators

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Description:
JOHN J. INGALLS (1833-1900) Kansas statesman, US Senator (R) 1873-91. Born in Massachusetts, to Atchison, Kansas Territory, 1860, joining anti-slavery forces working to make Kansas a “free” state. Member of the 1859 Wyandotte constitutional convention, reputed to have coined state motto, Ad Astra per Aspera (“Through hardships to the stars”). When Kansas was admitted to the Union in 1861, was secretary of 1st State Senate and State Senator 1862, judge advocate in Kansas militia in the Civil War. Edited Atchison newspaper Freedom's Champion for 3 years, won national reputation. Elected to US Senate 1873-91, supported labor and agriculture against monopolies, favored Interstate Commerce Act and Civil Service Law. Senate President pro tempore 1887-91, 3rd in succession to presidency 1885-89. In 1905, Kansas donated marble statue of him to the US Capitol National Statuary Hall. PRESTON B. PLUMB (1837-1891) Kansas US Senator 1877-91, Union Army officer in the Civil War. At 11 he attended Kenyon College, a preparatory school, and learned printing. He moved to Lawrence, Kansas in 1856, to support the "Free-State" movement. He was a founder of Emporia, Kansas, where he established the Kansas News in 1857. He was secretary of the 1857 Free-State convention and a member of the1859 Leavenworth constitutional convention. Plumb studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1861. He was elected to the state legislature in 1862 and was a reporter for the Kansas Supreme Court. He entered the Union Army in 1862 as a 2nd lieutenant in the 11th Kansas Infantry, re-designated as the 11th Kansas Cavalry in August 1863, rising to lieutenant colonel. He fought pro-Confederate Missouri partisans and raiders under William Quantrill, and served in Nebraska against Indians. He was mustered out Sep. 26, 1865. He was a member of the State legislature in 1867 & 1868, and served as speaker in 1868. He was Lyon County prosecuting attorney and president of the Emporia National Bank in 1873. In 1877, Plumb was elected as a Republican to the US Senate, serving to his death. While in the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Public Lands (47th-52nd Congresses). 4 ¾ x 7 ¼ autograph album page signed by Kansas US Senators John J. Ingalls (adds “Kan.” Under signature) and Preston B. Plumb (adds “Kansas” under signature). Undated but ca. 1877-79.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signed Album Page






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