Adams, John Quincy

1829 patent for “useful improvement” of a railway cook stove, signed by President Adams, Secretary of State Henry Clay, & Attorney General William Wirt

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Description:
JOHN QUINCY ADAMS: (1767-1848) Son of John & Abigail Adams. Diplomat, Mass. Senator 1803-08, declined appointment to Supreme Court 1811. A negotiator of the Treaty of Ghent to end War of 1812, Secretary of State 1817-25 (Monroe), negotiated northern boundary with British 1818 and largely formulated Monroe Doctrine 1823. President 1825-29. Mass Rep. 1831-48. HENRY CLAY: (1777-1852) Kentucky US Rep (1811-14, 1815-21, 1823-25), Speaker of The House (1811-14, 1815-20, 1823-25), Senator (1831-42, 1849-52). Secretary of State 1825-29 (JQ Adams), 1832 & 1844 Whig presidential candidate. Gained fame in 1820 as The Great Pacificator for urging Missouri Compromise of 1820, 1833 Compromise easing the “Nullification Crisis”, and Compromise of 1850 that temporarily averted Civil War. WILLIAM WIRT: (1772-1834) Virginia lawyer from 1792, a prosecutor of Aaron Burr in 1807. US Attorney General 1817-29 (Monroe-JQ Adams), longest tenure in history of any US Attorney General. Argued notable US Supreme Court cases inc. McCulloch v. Maryland, Gibbons v. Ogden and Dartmouth College Case. In June 1830, a delegation of Cherokee led by Chief John Ross selected Wirt on the urging of Senators Webster & Frelinghuysen to defend Cherokee rights before the Supreme Court. Wirt argued, in Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, that the Cherokee Nation was "a foreign nation in the sense of our constitution and law" and not subject to Georgia's jurisdiction. During the 1820s, he was a member of the Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences and an honorary member of the American Whig-Cliosophic Society. 1832 Anti-Masonic presidential candidate (won only Vermont’s 7 electoral votes). 15 ¾ x 11 ¼ 2pp vellum DS, Washington, February 16 1829, letters patent for Peregrine Williamson for the useful improvement making or manufacturing of Premium Railway Cooking Stove, signed by Adams as President (fully, as “John Quincy Adams”), Clay as Secretary of State, and Wirt as Attorney General. With 2nd page referring to the schedule referred to in the Letters Patent tied at left side in pink ribbon. With worn seal. Peregrine Williamson, a native of New York, while engaged as a jeweler in Baltimore, made steel pens in 1800. He was terrible at cutting quills; in desperation, he contrived a sort of steel quill that would never need sharpening. Soon, he was making $600 a month from his invention. He had 11 patents filed from 1809 (metallic writing pen) through 1840 (another improvement in the making of railway car stoves), including one for a machine for shot and bullets, a coffee roaster, bedstead improvements, a screw augur, etc.

Condition: Very good, folds, small pucker and split at lower left, soiling at top left cortner, fraying at right side center, insect holeson integral page
Type:Document






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