Ewing Sr., Thomas

Signature of the 14th Treasury Secretary (Harrison-Tyler)and 1st Interior Secretary (Taylor-Fillmore)

Price: $20.00

Description:
(1789-1871) Ohio politician, US Senator 1831-37, Secretary of the Treasury, and 1st Secretary of the Interior. Ewing served as Secretary of the Treasury in 1841, serving under Presidents William Henry Harrison and John Tyler. He resigned Sept. 11, 1841, along with the entire cabinet (except Secretary of State Daniel Webster), in protest of Tyler's veto of the Banking Act. Ewing was later appointed as 1st Secretary of the Interior by President Zachary Taylor, and served March 8, 1849–July 22, 1850 under Taylor and Millard Fillmore. As first Secretary, he consolidated bureaus from various Departments, such as the Land Office from the Treasury Department and the Indian Bureau from the War Department. Ewing initiated the Interior Department's culture of corruption by wholesale replacement of officials with political patronage. Newspapers called him "Butcher Ewing" for his efforts. In 1850, Ewing was appointed to the Senate to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of Thomas Corwin, and served July 20, 1850–March 3, 1851. Ewing was unsuccessful in seeking re-election in 1851. In 1861, Ewing served as an Ohio delegate to the Washington Peace Conference in hopes of staving off civil war. Ewing was appointed by President Andrew Johnson as Secretary of War in 1868 following the firing of Edwin M. Stanton but the Senate, outraged at Johnson's firing of Stanton (which provoked Johnson's impeachment), refused to act on the nomination. He was the foster father of General William Tecumseh Sherman, who married Ewing’s daughter, Ellen. Ewing's namesake son, Thomas Ewing, Jr., was a Union army general and two-term Ohio US Rep. Two other sons, Hugh Boyle and Charles, also became generals in the Union army. ¾ x 2 ½ clipped signature as “T. Ewing”, no place or date

Condition: Very good
Type:Signature






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