Campbell, Douglas

World War I aviator. one of America’s 1st air combat “aces”

Price: $125.00

Description:
(1896-1990) American aviator and WW I flying ace, 1st US aviator flying in an American-trained air unit to achieve the status of ace. He was the son of astronomer William W. Campbell, head of the Lick Observatory and future president of the University of California. When the US entered WW I in April 1917, he was a student at Harvard. He and close friend Quentin Roosevelt, son of former President Theodore Roosevelt, immediately dropped out of college and enlisted in the Army. Assigned to the Air Service, Campbell learned to fly in a Curtiss Jenny and was later trained in a Nieuport fighter. He was assigned to the famous Pursuit 94th Aero Squadron (the "Hat in the Ring" gang) flying Nieuport 28 fighters. He flew the squadron's 1st patrol along with Eddie Rickenbacker and Raoul Lufbery. Due to supply problems, they flew their 1st mission in unarmed planes. His 1st kill came while flying in an aircraft armed with one rather than the usual two machine guns. He shared credit with Lt. Alan F. Winslow for the squadron's 1st confirmed victories, 1st victories by fighter aircraft of an American-trained flying unit in the war. He and Winslow each shot down and captured a pilot from Jasta 64w on April 14, 1918. He became the 2nd Air Service ace and the 1st by an American-trained aviator when he downed his 5th enemy aircraft on May 31, 1918. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross with Oak Leaf Cluster for bravery in aerial combat over Flirey, France on May 19, 1918. He was also awarded the Croix de Guerre (with palm) by the French military. He scored his 6th and final victory on June 5, 1918. During this last action, Campbell was wounded and was sent back to the US to recover. During his recuperation, he appeared at numerous war bond rallies. Campbell was reassigned to his squadron in November 1918 and saw no further frontline action before the Armistice of November 11, 1918. After the war, he worked for W.R. Grace and Company, became Vice-President of Pan-American Airways in 1939 and named its General Manager in 1948. ISP, 10 x 8 b&w glossy reprint of Campbell in uniform standing in front of his “Hat in the Ring” Squadron Nieuport 28 fighter, inscribed and signed with sentiment at lower left. Signed later in Campbell's life with black marker pen.

Condition: Very good
Type:Photograph






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