Sherman, Frederick C.

Commanded USS Lexington 1940-42, led Pacific aircraft carrier task forces in South and Central Pacific thru Iwo Jima & Okinawa

Price: $75.00

Description:
(1888-1957) USNA 1910, commissioned an Ensign 1912, promoted to Captain 1938, RADM 1942, VADM 1945, ADM on retired list 1947. In Jan. 1914, he was ordered to submarine duty. He assumed command of USS O-7 when commissioned on 4 July 1918,and engaged in patrol duties in the Atlantic during WW I for which he was awarded the Navy Cross. He commanded Submarine Division 9 1921-1924, followed by instruction at the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island. He was transferred to command of Destroyer Division One in 1934 and in 1935 reported for flight training at the Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida. Designated Naval Aviator on 9 March 1936, in April he became Executive Officer of the carrier USS Saratoga. In May 1940 he completed the Senior Course at the Naval War College. He assumed command of the aircraft carrier USS Lexington on 13 June 1940. At the time of the Pearl Harbor attack, Lexington and USS Enterprise were at sea near Midway. When word of the attack on Pearl Harbor was received, they engaged in a prolonged search for the Japanese ships that launched the attack, but the enemy forces escaped. Moving to the South Pacific sometime later, Lexington was attacked by 18 enemy bombers near Bougainville. He was awarded a Gold Star in lieu of the 2nd Navy Cross for distinguished service when 16 of the enemy bombers were destroyed, without damage to USS Lexington. For the attack on Salamaua and Lae, one of the first carrier strikes of the war on the advancing Japanese, he was designated Commander Air, in command of an air unit comprising the carriers Lexington and Yorktown and their attached air groups. The 10 March 1942 attack resulted in the sinking and damaging of many enemy vessels and transports. The Lexington, still under his command, participated in the Battle of the Coral Sea, 4-8 May 1942, first major engagement in naval history in which surface ships did not exchange a single shot; it was a battle between carrier-based aircraft. The Japanese were turned back from their planned invasion of Australia and the vital supply lines to the SW Pacific were saved. During this battle, the Lexington was the principal target of the Japanese air attacks and was hopelessly damaged and later sunk. Adm. Sherman was the last to leave his ship and was boat hooked out of the sea onto a cruiser. He was awarded the Legion of Merit with Combat 'V.' Shortly after the loss of the Lexington, he was advanced to RADM (temporary service), and became Asst. Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief, United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations. In October 1942, he relieved the Commander of Carrier Task Force 16 in the South Pacific Area; this unit was later merged with the Central Pacific task forces and he became Commander Carrier Division Two. Starting with aerial strikes at Buka-Bonis, 1-2 Nov.1943, Adm. Sherman led his carrier forces against enemy bases throughout the South and Central Pacific. His planes accounted for the destruction or damaging of 46 ships and nearly 350 aircraft from 1 Nov. 1943 to 22 Feb. 1944. None of his ships were damaged and aircraft losses were light. He led Naval air against enemy strongholds, inc. Salamaua-Lae, Rabaul, Buka-Bonis, Kavieng, Nauru, Eniwetok, Saipan, Tinian, Guam, Truk, Mindanao, Visayas, Manila, Formosa, Tokyo, Okinawa, Kyushu, the Pescadores Islands, and the South China Sea raids at Saigon, Kamranh Bay, Hong Kong, Hainan and Amoy. His group aided in the capture of the Gilbert Islands, providing air cover for ground forces consolidating positions on Tarawa and Makin. Joining other Naval units for the amphibious assault in the Marshall Islands, his planes strafed and bombed enemy troops and fortified positions on Kwajalein and Eniwetok. He was awarded a Gold Star in lieu of the Third Navy Cross and the Distinguished Service Medal. He was Commander Fleet Air, West Coast in San Diego from 25 March 1944-August 1944. He then returned to the Pacific where he first took command of Task Force 58.3 of the First Carrier Task Force. During the sea-air Battle for Leyte Gulf, 24-26 Oct. 1944, the Japanese fleet was defeated decisively and eliminated as a serious threat to future Allied operations in enemy home waters. Adm. Sherman commanded the northern carrier group in action against Japanese air and surface forces, bearing the entire brunt of the enemy's desperate air attacks, launched by 4 carriers and land bases on Luzon. Of some 200 planes that attacked his ships the first day of the battle, 167 were shot down. The same day his fliers struck at Japanese warships in the Mindanao Sea, aiding in sinking the enemy's super-battleship Musashi. On the 2nd day of the battle, his task group played a major part in destroying 4 enemy carriers and 6 other warships, including cruisers and destroyers. One of his most distinguished actions occurred 11 Nov. 1944, when his forces destroyed an enemy convoy at Ormoc Bay, Leyte, smashing the Japanese attempt to reinforce its garrison in the Philippines. Two days later, he commanded the fast carriers that made a 2-day raid on enemy-held Manila, in which heavy damage was done to enemy shipping and harbor installations. Thereafter, his group participated in the Fast Carrier Task Force's series of raids in the South China Sea, and subsequent attacks on Tokyo. Covering the invasion of Iwo Jima was their next job, then the fierce fighting off Okinawa, followed by further strikes at the Japanese home-islands. For further heroism in the Pacific area, he was awarded Gold Stars in lieu of the Second and Third Distinguished Service Medal. On 13 July 1945 he became Commander First Carrier Task Force, US Pacific Fleet as VADM. He was Commander Fifth Fleet 18 Jan.-3 Sept. 1946 when he was relieved of all active duty pending his retirement, effective 1 March 1947. Frameable 3 x 6 war-date envelope typed-addresed to a Cleveland collector, postmarked 1943 (month & day ?), return address at top left in hand of, and signed by, RADM Sherman from USS Enterprise, FPO San Francisco, with his initialed censor stamp.

Condition: Very good, neatly slit open at left side
Type:Signed Envelope






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