Macnider, Hanford "Jack"

A founder of the American Legion and National Commander 1921-22, diplomat, led 158th Regimental Combat Team in the Philippines in WW II

Price: $90.00 Special Offer - $75.00



Description:
(1889-1968) US diplomat and highly decorated WW I & WW II US Army officer, considered one of Iowa's greatest war heroes. Harvard 1911, joined the National Guard and served during the Pancho Villa Expedition during the Mexican Revolution. In WW I, he served as a Captain in the 2nd Infantry Div. in the AEF in France. He rose through the ranks to Lieutenant Colonel and won 14 medals, inc. 2 Distinguished Service Crosses, 3 Silver Stars, the Italian Merit Cross, the French Legion of Honor and Croix de Guerre with Palm. He was a founder of The American Legion and was commander for the State of Iowa 1920-21, before being elevated to National Commander 1921-22. President Coolidge named him as Asst. Secretary of War in 1925, his executive assistant being Major Dwight D. Eisenhower to 1928. President Hoover appointed him as Ambassador to Canada 1930-32. During this time, he set the groundwork for the St. Lawrence Seaway Treaty. He resigned in 1932 in an unsuccessful attempt to be made GOP vice presidential candidate Republican candidate. In 1940 he again failed receive the Republican nomination for President and declined the Vice Presidential candidacy under Wendell Willkie. He was an America First anti-war activist until Pearl Harbor. With the outbreak of WW II, he insisted on returning to uniform. He was promoted to Brigadier General in the US Army August 1942 and was wounded by a Japanese grenade while commanding the Buna Task Force in New Guinea. After his recovery, he commanded the 158th Regimental Combat Team ("the Bushmasters") at the Bicol Peninsula in the Philippines. His command of the 158th RCT was excellent and it was there that some of the toughest fighting of the war occurred. He earned the respect and love of the men of the 158th by his courage and battlefield leadership. He was Commanding General of the 103rd Infantry Divison (OR) 1947-51. He was promoted to Major General in 1951 until his mandatory retirement in 1952. In 1952, he declined an offer to manage General MacArthur's campaign for President. After retirement he was promoted to Lieutenant General. He turned down an offered Cabinet position from President Eisenhower. MacNider served 53 years as president of Northwest States Portland Cement Co. in Mason City, Iowa. ISP, 12 x 9 1/4 sepia Harris and Ewing Studio bust portrait inscribed to (American Legion) Edward L. Grant Post No. 75, Franklin, Massachusetts. Undated but likely 1921-22 when American Legion National Commander.

Condition: Very good, minour mount remnants verso
Type:Photograph






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