Wainwright, Jonathan M.

Led Allied forces in Philippines, Japanese POW 1942-45, Medal of Honor recipient

Price: $225.00 Special Offer - $175.00



Description:
(1883-1953) ”Skinny”, US Army officer, commanded Allied forces in the Philippines at time of the surrender to Japan, POW to Aug. 1945, received Medal of Honor. USMA 1906, served in Philippines during Moro Rebellion, in France in WWI. In 1938, promoted to Brig Genl commanding 1st Cavalry. In Sept. 1940, promoted to Major Genl (temporary) and returned to Philippines in Dec. as commander of Philippine Department. As senior field commander of Filipino & US forces, under MacArthur, he was responsible for resisting Japan’s invasion of the Philippines in Dec. 1941. Retreating from Lingayen Gulf, Allied forces withdrew onto the Bataan Peninsula and Corregidor by Jan. 1942, where they defended the entrance to Manila Bay. Following MacArthur's relocation to Australia in March, Wainwright became Allied commander in the Philippines, promoted to Lieut Genl (temporary). On Apr. 9, Bataan surrendered; on May 5, the Japanese attacked Corregidor, and, on May 6, in the interest of minimizing casualties, Wainwright surrendered. He was held in prison camps in north Luzon, Formosa, and Manchuria until liberated by the Red Army in Aug. 1945. The highest-ranking US POW, despite his rank he was ill-treated by the Japanese. After witnessing Japan's Sept. 2 surrender on the USS Missouri, he returned to the Philippines to receive the surrender of Japanese Lieut Genl Yamashita. On Sept. 5 he received his 4th star; on Sept. 13, a ticker-tape parade in NYC was held in his honor. He was awarded the Medal of Honor Sept. 19. In Jan. 1946, he became commander of the 5th Army at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, retired Aug. 1947. ISP, 10 x 8 US Army Signal Corps b&w matte finish bust portrait in 4-star uniform, inscribed with sentiment and signed as General, U.S.A. Undated but post 1945.

Condition: Good, few light creases, some ink skipping (all apparent when tilted to light)
Type:Photograph






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