Browder, Earl

American Communist Party leader 1930-45, 1936 & 1940 presidential candidate

Price: $50.00

Description:
(1891–1973) General Secretary of the Communist Party USA (CPUSA) 1930-45. During WW II, served time in federal prison as a conscientious objector to conscription and the war. Upon his release he was active as an organizer on behalf of the Communist International and its Red International of Labor Unions in China and the Pacific region. Following the removal of Jay Lovestone as head of the CPUSA in 1929 and a short period during which the Party was headed by Max Bedacht, Browder was made Party General Secretary, becoming the most recognizable public figure associated with American Communism, authoring dozens of pamphlets and books, making numerous public speeches before sometimes large audiences, and running for US President in 1936 & 1940. He also took part in clandestine activities on behalf of Soviet intelligence while Party leader. In the wake of public outrage over the 1939 Nazi-Soviet pact, Browder was indicted for passport fraud and convicted of 2 counts early in 1940 and sentenced to 4 years in prison, remaining free while on appeal. In the spring of 1942 the Supreme Court affirmed the sentence and Browder began a 14-month stint in Federal prison, released in 1943 as a gesture towards wartime unity. He was a staunch adherent of close cooperation between the US and the USSR during WW II and foresaw continued cooperation between the two in postwar years. In 1944 he directed the transformation of the CPUSA into a "Communist Political Association" (CPA). However, after the death of President Roosevelt, a Cold War and internal “Red Scare” sprouted up. Browder was expelled from the re-established Communist Party in 1946, due largely to a refusal to modify his views to accord with changing political realities and associated ideological demands. He spent the rest of his life in relative obscurity attempting with little success to influence US government policy and public opinion as the author of numerous books and pamphlets. Frameable 1 1/2 x 3 3/4 signature clipped from an envelope postmarked New York City, January 10 1947.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signature






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