Juin, Alphonse Pierre

Led French forces in North Africa under Vichy to Nov. 1942, led French forces in Italy with Fifth US Army, last living Marshal of France

Price: $195.00

Description:
(1888-1967) Algerian-born, French Army’s last living Marshal of France. Graduated from the École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr in 1912 with Charles De Gaulle, in 1914 he commanded native troops in Morocco. On the outbreak of WW I, he was sent to the Western Front in France, gravely wounded in 1915, losing the use of his right arm. After the War, he served in Africa again, first under Lyautey, then under Pétain and Giraud. In 1938, he commanded a brigade. By the outbreak of WW II, he commanded the 15th Motorized Infantry Division which was encircled at Lille and Juin was captured. He was a POW in Germany until 1941 when he was released at the behest of the Vichy Government and assigned to command French forces in North Africa. After the Allied invasion of Algeria and Morocco in Nov. 1942, he changed sides and ordered General Barré's forces in Tunisia to resist the Germans & Italians. He led the French Expeditionary Corps in the Fifth US Army during the Italian campaign, where the Corps' expertise in mountain warfare was well used. The FEC was a crucial factor in the breaking of the Winter Line in May 1944. Juin made the plan to break the Gustav Line; he took the Belvedere, Monte Majo, attacked the Liri Valley, won the battle of the Garigliano, the battle of the East of Rome and played an important part in the battle for Siena. He was firm in bringing Moroccan irregulars, the Goumiers, back under discipline and control after several excesses of mass rape and pillage. He became Chief of Staff of French Forces and represented France at the San Francisco UN Conference. He was also in charge of organizing the French Army and had contact with SHAEF and General De Lattre de Tassigny, commander of the French First Army. In 1947 he returned to Africa as Resident General in Morocco, opposing Moroccan attempts to gain independence. On Bastille Day (July 14) 1952, he was made a Marshal of France, and in November was elected to the Académie française. Next came a senior NATO position to 1956, deputy to NATO commander General Matthew W. Ridgway. He opposed De Gaulle's decision to grant independence to Algeria, and retired in 1962; De Gaulle may have demanded Juin's resignation, but publicly announced he was placing Juin "in the reserve of the Republic." Uncommon SP, 7 x 5 1/4 French Army wartime half tone flat finish portrait in uniform in Rome, signed with sentiment and dated "2 July 43-44" by him at lower right. With marked-up 1967 New York Times obituary.

Condition: Very good
Type:Photograph






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