Collamer, Jacob

Vermont US Rep & Senator, Zachary Taylor's Postmaster General

Price: $35.00

Description:
(1791-1865) Vermont US Rep 1843-49, US Senator 1855-65, Postmaster General under Zachary Taylor 1849-50. He was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Vermont 1833-42. Elected to Congress as a Whig, he served 1843-49 and opposed extension of slavery, annexation of Texas, and the Mexican-American War. He supported high tariffs to favor US manufacturers. He was Chairman of the Committee on Manufactures (28th Congress) and the Committee on Public Lands (30th Congress). Collamer was President Taylor's Postmaster General 1849 until resigning in July, 1850, shortly after Taylor's death. As Postmaster General, he was reluctant to remove local Democratic postmasters and appoint Whig patronage replacements. On returning to Vermont, he was a judge of the state Circuit Court until 1854. In 1855 Collamer was elected as a conservative, anti-slavery Republican to the US Senate. In 1856 he received several votes for Vice President at the 1st Republican National Convention. Collamer's years on the bench helped develop his reputation as the best lawyer in the Senate; Charles Sumner referred to him as the "Green-Mountain Socrates." As a member of the Committee on Territories chaired by Stephen A. Douglas, Collamer and Wisconsin Senator James R. Doolittle refused to vote for the Crittenden Amendment which proposed resubmitting for popular vote the pro-slavery Lecompton Constitution for Kansas, instead crafting a persuasive minority report explaining their opposition. He also represented the minority view in June 1860 when the committee chaired by Virginia Senator James M. Mason issued its report concerning John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry. Mason argued that Brown's raid was the work of an organized abolitionist movement which needed to be curtailed with federal authority; Collamer and Doolittle held that Brown and his followers had been caught and punished, and further government action was unnecessary. In 1861 he authored the bill which invested President Lincoln with new war powers and gave Congress' approval to the war measures Lincoln had taken under his own authority at the start of his administration. Once Southern Democrats left the Senate, Collamer was Chairman of the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads (37th-39th Congresses) and the Committee on the Library (38th-39th Congresses). After the war he opposed Lincoln's Reconstruction plan and advocated congressional control over readmitting southern states to the Union. In 1881, Vermont donated a marble statue of Collamer to the US Capitol's National Statuary Hall Collection. Clipped signature on 1 x 2 1/2 orange piece, likely cut from a franked envelope.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signature






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