Cushing, Caleb

Signature as Attorney General under Franklin Pierce, as US diplomat negotiated 1st treaty with China in 1844

Price: $50.00 Special Offer - $40.00



Description:
(1800-1879) Mass. lawyer, legislator and jurist, US Rep 1835-43, Chairman of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs in 27th Congress. In 1843 President Tyler nominated him as Secretary of the Treasury, but the Senate refused to confirm him. He was, however, appointed by President Tyler in 1843 to be Commissioner to China, serving to March 4, 1845. In 1844 he negotiated the Treaty of Wanghia, 1st treaty between China and the US, which opened 5 Chinese ports to US trade and established principle of extraterritoriality. While Commissioner to China he was also empowered to negotiate a treaty of navigation and commerce with Japan. US Attorney General 1853-57 (Pierce). A Southern sympathizer, he supported the Dred Scott decision. In 1860 he presided over the Democratic National Convention which met first at Charleston and later at Baltimore, until he joined those who seceded from the regular convention; he then presided also over the convention of the seceding delegates who nominated John C. Breckinridge for the Presidency. President Buchanan sent him to Charleston in 1860 as Confidential Commissioner to the South Carolina secessionists. Despite favoring states' rights and opposing abolition of slavery, he supported the Union during the Civil War. He was later appointed by President Johnson as one of 3 commissioners assigned to revise and codify the laws of the US, serving 1866-70. In 1868, with the Minister Resident to Colombia, Cushing went to Bogotá to negotiate a right-of-way treaty for a ship canal across the Isthmus of Panama. He was appointed by President Grant as senior US counsel before the Geneva Tribunal of Arbitration for the settlement of the “Alabama” claims in 1871-72. He was Minister to Spain 1874-77. Nominated as Chief Justice in 1874 but not confirmed by the Senate. 1 x 2 1/4 signature as Attorney General clipped from free franked envelope

Condition: Very good, slight toning
Type:Signature






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