Kautz, August V.

General Kautz informs General Butler of the 1st Maryland Cavalry's vote in favor of the 1864 Maryland Constitution

Price: $225.00

Description:
(1828-1895) German-born Union cavalry officer, authored several army manuals on duties and customs eventually adopted by the US military. USMA 1852 after serving with the 1st Ohio Infantry in the Mexican-American War in 1846-47. He primarily served in the Pacific Northwest. Commissioned a lieutenant in the Regular Army, on July 16, 1857, he made what is sometimes credited as the 1st ascent of Mount Rainier. He reportedly climbed to the edge of Rainier's crater rim, but as he did not make the final walk to Rainier's Columbia Crest, his ascent is considered incomplete. He was a captain with the 6th US Cavalry during the April-July 1862 Peninsula Campaign. Transferred to the Western Theater, as a colonel with the 2nd Ohio Cavalry, he opposed CSA General John Hunt Morgan's highly successful June–July 1863 raid behind Union lines in Indiana and Ohio and served under Major General Burnside at the Sept.-Dec. 1863 Battle of Knoxville. Promoted to Brigadier General of Volunteers on April 16, 1864, Kautz led cavalry operations of the XXIII Corps under Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler during Grant's April-June 1864 Richmond and Petersburg campaigns. On Dec. 12, 1864, Lincoln nominated him as Brevet Major General of Volunteers to rank from Oct. 28, 1864, the Senate confirming him on Feb. 14, 1865. He mustered out of the volunteers Jan. 15, 1866. On July 17, 1866, President Johnson nominated Kautz as Brevet Major General, US Army, to rank from March 13, 1865, the Senate confirming his appointment on July 23, 1866. In early April 1865, Kautz marched into Richmond in command of a division of colored troops under Weitzel's XXV Corps. He was active in the pursuit of Lee until Lee's surrender. After the War, Kautz served May-June 1865 on the trial board investigating the conspirators involved in the assassination of President Lincoln before extensive service in the southwest as commander of the Department of Arizona and commanding officer of Fort McDowell. He was commander of the Department of the Columbia July 1891 as Brigadier General, leaving military service in 1892. War-dated pencil 7 3/4 x 5 ALS as Brigadier General, "Hd Qrs Cav Div" (Richmond-Petersburg, Va. area), October 19 1864, to Major General Benajmin Butler. Kautz reports the 1st Maryland Cavalry's vote to ratify the 1864 Maryland State Constitution, 136 voting in favor, 19 against, majority of 117 approving. The short-lived Maryland Constitution of 1864 was the 3rd of the 4 constitution which have governed the state. A controversial product of the Civil War, it was in effect only until 1867, when the state's present constitution was adopted. The 1864 constitution was largely the product of strong Unionists who controlled the state. It outlawed slavery, disenfranchised Southern sympathizers, and reapportioned the General Assembly based upon the number of white inhabitants, further diminishing the power of small counties where the majority of the state's large former slave population lived. The constitution emancipated slaves but this did not mean equality. The franchise was restricted to "white" males. One of the framers' goals was to reduce the influence of Southern sympathizers who almost caused the state to secede in 1861. The convention which drafted the document convened on April 27, 1864, completing their work by Sept. 6. The constitution was submitted to the people for ratification on Oct. 13, 1864 and was approved 50.31% to 49.69%. The constitution secured ratification after the soldiers' votes were tallied. Soldiers from Maryland serving in the Union Army voted overwhelmingly in favor, 2,633 to 263.

Condition: Good, toning and staining from prior matting and framing, slight mount remnants at top, few small spots in body.
Type:Letter






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