Taft, Robert A.

1948 TLS from the Senate conservative leader, 3-time Republican presidential hopeful

Price: $40.00

Description:
(1889-1953) Eldest son of William H. Taft, Ohio US Senator 1939-53, conservative GOP presidential hopeful. A 1957 Senate committee named him as one of the 5 greatest senators in US history. Harvard Law 1913, practiced law in Cincinnati, helped found the law partnership Taft, Stettinius, and Hollister. In 191819 he was in Paris as legal adviser for the American Relief Administration, Herbert Hoover's agency which distributed food to war-torn Europe. In 1920 he was elected to the Ohio legislature, state senator 1930-32. Elected US Senator in 1938, led the conservative coalition opposing the New Deal which he condemned as socialist. He attacked deficit spending, high farm subsidies, government bureaucracy, the National Labor Relations Board, and nationalized health insurance. However, he supported public housing programs and the Social Security program. He set forth a conservative agenda that promoted economic growth, individual economic opportunity, adequate social welfare, strong national defense, and noninvolvement in European wars. He fully supported the war effort after Dec. 8, 1941, but harbored a deep suspicion of involvement in postwar military alliances, including NATO. His was one of the few voices opposing Japanese-American internment. He became chairman of the Senate Republican Conference in 1944. Taft condemned the postwar Nuremberg Trials as violating American justice and internationally accepted standards in favor of a politicized version of justice. His opposition to the trials was strongly criticized by Republicans and Democrats. John F. Kennedy, in his book, "Profiles in Courage", applauded Taft's principled stand in the face of great bipartisan criticism. When the GOP took control of Congress in 1947, Taft focused on labor-management relations as Chair of the Senate Labor Committee. He wrote the 1947 Taft-Hartley Act which bans "unfair" union practices, outlaws closed shops, and authorizes the President to seek federal injunctions to impose an 80-day cooling-off period if a strike threatened national interest. When the Republicans controlled the Senate 1947-49, Taft was his party's leading voice in domestic policy. In foreign policy, he was non-interventionist and did not see the USSR as a major threat. The true danger, he believed, was big government and runaway spending. He took the lead among Republicans in condemning Truman's handling of the Korean War and questioned the constitutionality of the War itself. In 1950, he won a 3rd term and was given the nickname "Mr. Republican," acknowledged leader of the GOP conservative faction. His 3rd and final try for the GOP nomination in 1952 was his strongest effort, however, the race changed when Dewey and other GOP moderates convinced General Dwight D. Eisenhower to run for the nomination. Following Eisenhower's election and the GOP takeover of Congress, Taft was Senate Majority Leader in 1953, and strongly supported Eisenhower's domestic proposals. He died of cancer on July 31. The Robert A. Taft Memorial, featuring a 10' statue, is located north of the Capitol on Constitution Avenue. TLS on 10 1/2 x 8 US Senate office letterhead, Washington, January 21 1948, to a New York admirer. Senator Taft thanks him for "...taking the time and trouble to write in approval of my course here in the Senate." Taft is gratified to know his correspondent is "...in accord with the position I have taken..." and appreciates his encouragement.

Condition: Very good, 2 mail folds
Type:Letter






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