Barnard, Christiaan N.

South African pioneer cardiothoracic surgeon, performed 1st heart transplant in 1967

Price: $35.00

Description:
(1922-2001) Pioneering South African cardiothoracic surgeon, introduced open-heart surgery to So. Africa, designed new artificial heart valve, did animal heart transplant experiments. In 1967 Barnard's team performed the first human heart transplant, replacing heart of Louis Washkansky with one from an accident victim. The transplant was successful, but Washkansky, given immunosuppressant drugs to prevent rejection of the heart, died 18 days later from pneumonia. Despite Washkansky's death, Barnard was hailed around the world for his surgical feat. In Jan. 1968, Barnard replaced diseased heart of 58-year-old Philip Blaiberg. This time the accompanying drug dosage was lowered, and Blaiberg lived for 20 months with his new heart. Barnard made medical history again when he performed a "twin-heart" operation (Nov. 25, 1974), removing only the diseased portion of the heart of 58-year-old Ivan Taylor, replacing it with the heart of a 10-year-old child. The donor heart acted as a booster and back-up for the patient's disease-ravished organ. Although Barnard was optimistic about this new operation, which he believed was less radical than total implantation, the patient died within 4 months. Rheumatoid arthritis, which plagued Barnard since the 60s, limited his surgical experimentation in later years. 2 3/4 x 4 1/4 card signed "Chris Barnard" with unused 1947 US 3c "The Doctor" stamp (based on painting by Sir Luke Fildes) issued to honor American physicians, mounted above Barnard's signature.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signed Card






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