Morgan, John Tyler

Alabama CSA cavalry general, KKK Grand Dragon, US Senator 1877-1907

Price: $65.00

Description:
(1824-1907) CSA General, Alabama US Senator (D) 1877-1907 and Ku Klux Klan Grand Dragon. He was a strong supporter of states' rights and racial segregation thru the Reconstruction era, and an expansionist, arguing for annexation of Hawaii and for American construction of an interocean canal in Central America. He was an 1860 Democratic presidential elector supporting John C. Breckinridge and was a delegate to the 1861 State Convention which passed the Ordinance of Secession. At 37, he enlisted as a private in the Cahaba Rifles, which volunteered its services in the Confederate Army, assigned to the 5th Alabama Infantry. He saw action at First Manassas and rose to lieutenant colonel. He resigned in 1862 and returned to Alabama, where in August he recruited a new regiment, the 51st Alabama Partisan Rangers, becoming its Colonel. He led the regiment at Murfreesborough operating with N. B. Forrest's cavalry. Morgan led his troops at Chickamauga and on Nov. 16, 1863, was appointed Brigadier General of Cavalry and participated in the Knoxville Campaign. His brigade was routed and dispersed by Federal cavalry Jan. 27, 1864, he was reassigned to a new command and fought in the Atlanta Campaign, harassing Sherman's troops during the March to the Sea. Later, he was assigned administrative duties in Demopolis, Ala. and was trying to organize Alabama Negro troops for home defense when the war ended. He resumed practice of law in Selma, Alabama. After the 1872 death of James H. Clanton, Morgan succeeded him as KKK Grand Dragon in Alabama. He was an 1876 Democratic presidential elector and was elected to the US Senate serving March 4, 1877 to his death. He advocated racial separation by encouraging migration of Blacks out of the south and staunchly worked to repeal the 15th Amendment. Morgan played a leading role on the powerful Senate Foreign Relations Committee 1887-1907. He called for a canal linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans through Nicaragua, enlarging the merchant marine and the Navy, and acquiring Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Philippines. In 1894, he chaired an investigation ("the Morgan Report") into the Hawaiian Revolution which concluded that the US had remained completely neutral. A strong supporter of Hawaii's annexation, he visited Hawaii in 1897 and believed it was unnecessary to hold a plebiscite in Hawaii before annexation. He was appointed by McKinley in July 1898 to the commission created to establish a territorial government. Morgan was also a staunch supporter of Cuban revolutionaries in the 1890s. 3 x 4 card signed with sentiment and dated while US Senator; with small portrait.

Condition: Very good
Type:Signed Card






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