Hayes, Rutherford B.

1880 document signed as President

Price: $395.00

Description:
(1822-1893) 19th President of the United States (1877–81), oversaw the end of Reconstruction and the America’s entry into the Second Industrial Revolution. Hayes was a reformer who began efforts that led to civil service reform and attempted, unsuccessfully, to reconcile divisions that caused the Civil War. Hayes practiced law in Lower Sandusky (now Fremont), Ohio and was Cincinnati city solicitor 1858-61. He left a successful political career to join the Union Army. Wounded five times, most seriously at the Battle of South Mountain, he earned a reputation for bravery in combat and was promoted to Major General. After the war, he served in the Congress 1865-67 as a Republican. He was Governor of Ohio 1867-71, resumed the practice of law but returned to politics in 1875 to serve a 3rd term as Governor. In 1876, Hayes was elected president in one of the most contentious and hotly disputed elections in US history. Although he lost the popular vote to Democrat Samuel J. Tilden, Hayes won the presidency by the narrowest of margins after a congressional commission awarded him 20 disputed electoral votes. In the Compromise of 1877, Democrats acquiesced to Hayes's election and Hayes accepted the end of military occupation of the South. Hayes believed in meritocratic government, equal treatment without regard to race, and improvement through education. He ordered federal troops to quell the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 and ordered them out of Southern capitals as Reconstruction ended. He implemented modest civil service reforms that laid the groundwork for further reform in the 1880s & 1890s. Hayes kept his pledge not to run for re-election, retired to his home in Ohio, and became an advocate of social and educational reform. DS as President on 10 x8 blue-grey paper, Washington, April 8 1880, warrant to the Secretary of State to affix the Seal of the United States to a conditional pardon for John W. Wright. With portrait of Hayes for matting and framing.

Condition: Very good, slight area of light toning at top left, signature a tad light
Type:Document






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