Dennison, William

1865 LS as Lincoln's Postmaster General, unable to attend funeral of statesman William L. Dayton

Price: $450.00

Description:
(1815-1882) Ohio Whig-Republican politician, 24th Ohio Governor, US Postmaster General (Lincoln-Johnson). One of 1st major Ohio politicians to leave the dying Whig Party for the new Republican Party, he rose quickly due to his anti-slavery and anti-discrimination efforts in the state Senate. He was elected Governor in 1859, serving 1860-62. Before the outbreak of the Civil War, he refused Kentucky and Virginia demands to extradite fugitive slaves or punish those who helped them. He organized Ohio's mobilization at the start of the war, helping create several large training camps for new troops, one named Camp Dennison for him. He was defeated by John Sherman for the US Senate in 1861. Without being asked by the War Department, he sent Ohio troops under George McClellan into western Virginia, where they guarded the Wheeling Convention which led to admission of West Virginia as a free state. He seized control of Ohio's railroads and telegraph lines early in the war to allow military usage, angering Peace Democrats in the Legislature. He was a vocal supporter of Lincoln's policies, raised over 100,000 troops, and organized 82 3-year regiments for the Union army. However, errors by the Governor and subordinates led an alliance of Republicans and War Democrats to drop him as a candidate in 1862, turning to War Democrat David Tod. Dennison capably advised Tod and provided valuable service in helping recruit Black troops for Ohio units. He was Chairman of the 1864 Republican Convention and was appointed Postmaster General by President Lincoln, serving 1864-66, leaving the Cabinet when he could no longer support President Johnson's policies. President Grant named him 1st President of the District of Columbia Board of Commissioners (highest Washington DC governing office), serving 1874-78. He sought the GOP Senate nomination in 1880, losing it to James Garfield. 10 x 8 LS as Postmaster General, Post Office Department (Washington), April 3 1865, to Governor (Joel) Parker of New Jersey, deeply regretting official duties prevent him from accepting the Governor's invitation to attend funeral ceremonies for Hon. William L. Dayton, "our late distinguished Minister at the Court of France." Dennison states that in his death "...our country has lost one of her most patriotic and faithful representatives." WILLIAM L. DAYTON (1807-1864) New Jersey Free Soil–Whig US Senator 1842-51, friend and advisor to President Zachary Taylor. 1856 Republican Party VP candidate with Fremont (1st ever GOP ticket), state attorney general 1857-61, Minister to France 1861-64. JOEL PARKER (1816-1888) New Jersey Democrat, 20th Governor 1863-66 & 1872-74. Elected to the state General Assembly 1847-51, then appointed Monmouth County prosecutor of pleas. In 1860, he was appointed a state militia major general. In 1862, he ran for governor as a "War Democrat" and received the largest margin in state history to that time. Parker was highly critical of the Lincoln Administration's actions with respect to curtailing civil liberties, castigating Lincoln for suspending habeas corpus and for what Parker considered the unconstitutional nature of the Emancipation Proclamation. During Lee's 1863 invasion of Pennsylvania, he sent several regiments to that state. In 1863, Parker attended the ceremonies dedicating the national cemetery at which Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address. He strongly favored amnesty toward supporters of the Confederacy. He was New Jersey electors' "favorite son" at the 1868, 1876 and 1884 Democratic Conventions. Re-elected Governor 1871-74, state Attorney General 1875, state Supreme Court justice 1880-88.

Condition: Very good, slight see-thru at left edge from mount remnant verso
Type:Letter






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